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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The chemical composition of red giants in 47 Tucanae I. Fundamental parameters and chemical abundance patterns

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Autor(es):
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Thygesen, A. O. [1] ; Sbordone, L. [1, 2, 3] ; Andrievsky, S. [4, 5, 6] ; Korotin, S. [4, 5] ; Yong, D. [7] ; Zaggia, S. [8] ; Ludwig, H. -G. [1] ; Collet, R. [7] ; Asplund, M. [7] ; Ventura, P. [9] ; D'Antona, F. [9] ; Melendez, J. [10] ; D'Ercole, A. [11]
Número total de Autores: 13
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[1] Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Landessternwarte, D-69117 Heidelberg - Germany
[2] Millennium Inst Astrophys, Santiago 7820436 - Chile
[3] Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago 7820436 - Chile
[4] Odessa Natl Univ, Isaac Newton Inst Chile, Odessa Branch, Dept Astron, UA-65014 Odessa - Ukraine
[5] Odessa Natl Univ, Isaac Newton Inst Chile, Odessa Branch, Astron Observ, UA-65014 Odessa - Ukraine
[6] Univ Paris Diderot, CNRS, Observ Paris, GEPI, F-92190 Meudon - France
[7] Australian Natl Univ, Res Sch Astron & Astrophys, Canberra, ACT 0200 - Australia
[8] INAF Osservatorio Astron Padova, I-35122 Padua - Italy
[9] INAF Osservatorio Astron Roma, I-00040 Monte Porzio Catone - Italy
[10] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Astron, IAG USP, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[11] INAF Osservatorio Astron Bologna, I-40127 Bologna - Italy
Número total de Afiliações: 11
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Astronomy & Astrophysics; v. 572, DEC 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 24
Resumo

Context. The study of chemical abundance patterns in globular clusters is key importance to constraining the different candidates for intracluster pollution of light elements. Aims. We aim at deriving accurate abundances for a wide range of elements in the globular cluster 47 Tucanae (NGC 104) to add new constraints to the pollution scenarios for this particular cluster, expanding the range of previously derived element abundances. Methods. Using tailored 1D local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) atmospheric models, together with a combination of equivalent width measurements, LTE, and NLTE synthesis, we derive stellar parameters and element abundances from high-resolution, high signal-to-noise spectra of 13 red giant stars near the tip of the RGB. Results. We derive abundances of a total 27 elements (O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Y, Zr, Mo, Ru, Ba, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Eu, Dy). Departures from LTE were taken into account for Na, Al, and Ba. We find a mean {[}Fe/H] = -0.78 +/- 0.07 and {[}alpha/Fe] = 0.34 +/- 0.03 in good agreement with previous studies. The remaining elements show good agreement with the literature, but including NLTE for Al has a significant impact on the behavior of this key element. Conclusions. We confirm the presence of an Na-O anti-correlation in 47 Tucanae found by several other works. Our NLTE analysis of Al shifts the {[}Al/Fe] to lower values, indicating that this may be overestimated in earlier works. No evidence of an intrinsic variation is found in any of the remaining elements. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/50930-6 - Evolução química e populações estelares galácticas e extragalácticas, por espectroscopia e imageamento
Beneficiário:Beatriz Leonor Silveira Barbuy
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático