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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Metacommunity versus Biogeography: A Case Study of Two Groups of Neotropical Vegetation-Dwelling Arthropods

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Autor(es):
Goncalves-Souza, Thiago [1] ; Romero, Gustavo Q. [2] ; Cottenie, Karl [3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Dept Zool & Bot, Programa Posgrad Biol Anim, IBILCE, Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Anim, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Guelph, Dept Integrat Biol, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1 - Canada
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 9, n. 12 DEC 30 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Biogeography and metacommunity ecology provide two different perspectives on species diversity. Both are spatial in nature but their spatial scales do not necessarily match. With recent boom of metacommunity studies, we see an increasing need for clear discrimination of spatial scales relevant for both perspectives. This discrimination is a necessary prerequisite for improved understanding of ecological phenomena across scales. Here we provide a case study to illustrate some spatial scale-dependent concepts in recent metacommunity studies and identify potential pitfalls. We presented here the diversity patterns of Neotropical lepidopterans and spiders viewed both from metacommunity and biogeographical perspectives. Specifically, we investigated how the relative importance of niche-and dispersal-based processes for community assembly change at two spatial scales: metacommunity scale, i.e. within a locality, and biogeographical scale, i.e. among localities widely scattered along a macroclimatic gradient. As expected, niche-based processes dominated the community assembly at metacommunity scale, while dispersal-based processes played a major role at biogeographical scale for both taxonomical groups. However, we also observed small but significant spatial effects at metacommunity scale and environmental effects at biogeographical scale. We also observed differences in diversity patterns between the two taxonomical groups corresponding to differences in their dispersal modes. Our results thus support the idea of continuity of processes interactively shaping diversity patterns across scales and emphasize the necessity of integration of metacommunity and biogeographical perspectives. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/11530-2 - Predadores sobre flores interferem nas relações mutualísticas entre polinizadores e plantas? Testes com uso de aranhas artificiais
Beneficiário:Pablo Augusto Poleto Antiqueira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 10/51636-4 - Efeitos de predadores, diversidade e subsídios na estrutura de redes tróficas e atributos ecossistêmicos: comparações intra e inter ecossistemas
Beneficiário:Gustavo Quevedo Romero
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular