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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Contribution of fertilizer nitrogen to the total nitrogen extracted by sugarcane under Brazilian field conditions

Texto completo
Vieira-Megda, Michele Xavier [1, 2] ; Mariano, Eduardo [1] ; Leite, Jose Marcos [1] ; Junqueira Franco, Henrique Coutinho [3] ; Vitti, Andre Cesar [4] ; Megda, Marcio Mahmoud [1] ; Khan, Saeed Ahmed [5] ; Mulvaney, Richard Lesley [5] ; Ocheuze Trivelin, Paulo Cesar [2]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, BR-13418900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, CENA, BR-13400970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] ABTLuS, CNPEM, CTBE, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] APTA, BR-13400970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Illinois, Dept Nat Resources & Environm Sci, Urbana, IL 61801 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: NUTRIENT CYCLING IN AGROECOSYSTEMS; v. 101, n. 2, p. 241-257, MAR 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 14

With the ordinance that prohibits sugarcane harvesting with prior burning of plantations in Brazil, sugarcane crops absorbs barely 20 % of the N-fertilizer applied. This low recovery is attributed, in part, to nitrogen (N) mineralization in plant straw, high microbial immobilization, and N losses in the soil-plant system, mainly, when sources containing urea are applied to the soil surface. To evaluate N contribution from fertilizer in the sugarcane compartments and total N extracted by plants during the first ratoon cycle, microplots were installed inside plots of sugarcane ratoons. We applied isotope N-15-labelled urea, ammonium sulfate and ammonium chloride (3 % N-15 atoms) at the dose of 100 kg N ha(-1). The soil in the study was classified as a Typic-Hapludox and the experimental design consisted of randomized complete block with four replicates. In addition nitrogen immobilization and mineralization rates was evaluated estimated by aerobic incubation during 20 weeks. Sugarcane residue was incorporated to soil and nitrogenous fertilizers applied to the surface as ammoniacal or amidic-N at 100 mg N kg(-1). N sources showed the same efficiency as the results showed no difference for N contents in plant shoots obtained from treatment with N fertilization. The use of ammonium chloride resulted in greater accumulation of N fertilizer in stalks at 218 days after fertilization. The percentage of N fertilizer was approximately 60 % in the early developmental stages, decreasing to 20 % near the harvesting stage. The addition of N-fertilizer in soils covered by sugarcane residue leads to immobilization of available-N in the soil. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/10192-9 - Eficiência agronômica de fontes nitrogenadas aplicadas em soqueira de cana-de-açúcar colhida mecanicamente
Beneficiário:Michele Xavier Vieira Megda
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado