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Larval Biology of Anthophagous Eumaeini (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae, Theclinae) in the Cerrado of Central Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Silva, Neuza A. P. [1] ; Duarte, Marcelo [2] ; Araujo, Eliezer B. [3] ; Morais, Helena C. [3]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Brasilia, Inst Ciencias Biol, Programa Posgrad Ecol, BR-70910900 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Museu Zool, BR-04263000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Brasilia, Inst Ciencias Biol, Dept Ecol, BR-70910900 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF INSECT SCIENCE; v. 14, JAN 1 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

The biology and morphology of the early stages of 22 species of Eumaeini (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae, Theclinae) are presented. Observations were collected through the inspection of inflorescences in the field and the rearing of 214 larvae in laboratory. Allosmaitia strophius (Godart) associated with Malpighiaceae species and the polyphagous Strymon mulucha (Hewitson) were the most frequently collected species. Detritivory was observed in two species, Electrostrymon endymion (F.) and Kisutam syllis (Godman \& Salvin), and myrmecophily in four other species, A. strophius, Ministrymon azia (Hewitson), Parrhasius polibetes (Stoll), and S. mulucha. Cannibalism was observed in A. strophius; in addition, the pupa of this and of three other species produced audible sounds. Paiwarria aphaca (Hewitson) was highlighted because of the great difference observed between its first and last instars, as well as the marked difference between that species and the larvae of Paiwarria umbratus (Geyer) documented in Costa Rica. Larvae of Calycopis mimas (Godman \& Salvin) displayed ``bungee jumping{''} behavior when stimulated. Parasitoids (Diptera, Hymenoptera) attacked 21 larvae of eight species, A. strophius, K. syllis, M. azia, Pai. aphaca, P. polibetes, Rekoa marius (Lucas), S. mulucha, and Tmolus venustus (H.H. Druce). Illustrations of immatures and parasitoids are provided. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 02/13898-0 - Sistemática, bionomia e evolução dos Lepidoptera neotropicais
Beneficiário:Marcelo Duarte da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 10/14682-8 - Biossistemática de Lycaenidae (Insecta: Lepidoptera) dos remanescentes de Mata Atlântica, com ênfase para a Região Sudeste do Brasil
Beneficiário:Marcelo Duarte da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/50225-3 - História natural, filogenia e conservação de lepidópteros neotropicais
Beneficiário:André Victor Lucci Freitas
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular