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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Population density and habitat of an endangered cave fish Eigenmannia vicentespelaea Triques, 1996 (Ostariophysi: Gymnotiformes) from a karst area in central Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Bichuette, Maria Elina [1] ; Trajano, Eleonora [2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Ecol & Biol Evolut, Lab Estudos Subterraneos, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, BR-05422970 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Neotropical Ichthyology; v. 13, n. 1, p. 113-122, JAN-MAR 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

The troglobitic electric fish Eigenmannia vicentespelaea, endemic to a single cave- system and included in the Brazilian Red List of Threatened Fauna, was studied in relation to population densities and habitat. For comparison, we used the epigean species, E. trilineata. We verify if the population densities recorded for E. vicentespelaea follow the pattern observed for other subterranean fishes; if there are seasonal fluctuations in these densities and which environmental variables explain the densities variation. We estimated abundances and population densities during three consecutive dry seasons concomitant with habitat description and physicochemical variables measurements. For E. vicentespelaea: in six stream reaches in the Sao Vicente II cave. For E. trilineata: from counts of active fish in rio da Lapa. The mean population density recorded for E. vicentespelaea is considered low (0.17 ind. m(-2)), similar to those of E. trilineata (0.13 ind. m(-2)), without significant differences between the years, but with marked fluctuations during dry seasons within each year, suggesting seasonality. Estimated population size of E. vicentespelaea is considered low (270 individuals in average). Depth, water current and substrate, allied to plant debris explain better the variation of densities. Urgent actions for E. vicentespelaea conservation include protection of headsprings in Terra Ronca State Park. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 98/13858-1 - Ecologia populacional e comportamento de peixes cavernícolas, Trichomycterus sp. e Eigenmannia vicentespelaea, em uma área cárstica da região de São Domingos, GO (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae; Gymnotiformes: Sternopygidae)
Beneficiário:Maria Elina Bichuette
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado