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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Systematics and Evolution of Syncephaly in American Vernonieae (Asteraceae) with Emphasis on the Brazilian Subtribe Lychnophorinae

Texto completo
Loeuille, Benoit [1] ; Keeley, Sterling C. [2] ; Pirani, Jose R. [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Bot, Inst Biociencias, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Hawaii Manoa, Dept Bot, Honolulu, HI 96822 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SYSTEMATIC BOTANY; v. 40, n. 1, p. 286-298, FEB 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 19

A phylogenetic hypothesis of American Vernonieae based on three molecular regions (ITS, ndhF, rpl32-trnL) and on a morphological dataset reveals the existence of four main lineages. Three of these lineages correspond, with a few adjustments, to subtribes Chrestinae, Lychnophorinae, and Vernoniinae. The fourth lineage, which has never been recognized at a taxonomic rank due to the lack of morphological characterization, is mainly composed of taxa usually included in Lepidaploinae and Elephantopinae as well as a number of genera traditionally placed in other subtribes (Chrestinae, Piptocarphinae, and Vernoniinae). The relationships between these lineages are still not satisfactorily resolved. In order to keep the Lychnophorinae monophyletic, two small subtribes (Centratherinae, Sipolisiinae) and three monotypic genera (Albertinia, Blanchetia, and Gorceixia) have to be transferred to Lychnophorinae, which has the presence of heliangolide in aerial parts as a synapomorphy. Even though syncephaly has been historically used to delimit the subtribe Lychnophorinae, our results show that this character probably appeared independently three or four times in the evolution of American Vernonieae. The formation of the syncephalium, in each case, seems to be related to different biological functions: attractive (Chrestinae), disseminative (Rolandrinae), or protective and, to a lesser extent, attractive (Lychnophorinae). (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/51453-7 - Estudos filogenéticos na subtribo Lychnophorinae (Asteraceae: Vernonieae), com ênfase no gênero Eremanthus less., baseados em dados moleculares e morfológicos
Beneficiário:José Rubens Pirani
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular