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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Neurocysticercotic Calcifications and Hippocampal Sclerosis: A Case-Control Study

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Autor(es):
Taveira, Mateus de Oliveira [1] ; Morita, Marcia Elisabete [2] ; Yasuda, Clarissa Lin [2] ; Coan, Ana Carolina [2] ; Secolin, Rodrigo [3] ; Cunha da Costa, Alberto Luiz [2] ; Cendes, Fernando [2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Med Sci, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Neurol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Med Genet, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 10, n. 7 JUL 1 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 10
Resumo

Objective The exact role of calcified neurocysticercotic lesions (CNLs) in epilepsy is yet unknown and controversial. Although the relationship between CNLs, epilepsy and mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) has already been addressed, to our knowledge, no study has actually provided strong statistical evidence, nor reported the ODDS ratio for these associations. Therefore, we designed this case-control study to assess the likelihood of having MTLE-HS versus other forms of epilepsy in the presence of CNLs. Methods In this case-control study we included 119 consecutive patients with epilepsy and 106 disease controls (headache) with previous CT scans. We subdivided cases into MTLE-HS and other epilepsies. We used brain CT scans to define presence or absence of CNLs. After exploratory analyses, we used logistic regression to analyze the association between CNLs, epilepsy subgroups and disease controls. Results CNLs were found in 31.09% of cases and in 11.32% of controls (p<0.001). The initial analysis comparing epilepsy versus controls revealed a significant association between CNLs and epilepsy (OR = 5.32; 95%CI = 2.43-11.54; p<0.001). However, when we compared MTLE-HS versus other epilepsies versus controls we confirmed that CNLs were associated with MTLE-HS (OR = 11.27, 95%CI = 4.73-26.85; p<0.001) but other epilepsies were not. We found no difference in the CNLs load and no difference in the location of the CNLs when we compared patients with MTLE-HS, other epilepsies and disease controls. Significance The inclusion of controls allowed us to estimate the likelihood of having epilepsy in the presence of CNLs. We found that patients with CNLs were 11 times more likely to have MTLE-HS; however, the presence of CNLs did not change the odds of having other types of epilepsy. These findings raise the possibility of neurocysticercosis playing a role in the pathophysiology of MTLE-HS and need further confirmation in other series. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/07559-3 - Instituto Brasileiro de Neurociência e Neurotecnologia - BRAINN
Beneficiário:Fernando Cendes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 13/21265-2 - Comparação da frequência de calcificações sugestivas de neurocisticercose em tomografia de crânio entre pacientes com epilepsia e pacientes com cefaleia
Beneficiário:Mateus de Oliveira Taveira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica