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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Biodelignification of lignocellulose substrates: An intrinsic and sustainable pretreatment strategy for clean energy production

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Chandel, Anuj K. [1] ; Goncalves, Bruna C. M. [1] ; Strap, Janice L. [2] ; da Silva, Silvio S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biotechnol, Engn Sch Lorena, BR-12602810 Lorena, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Ontario, Inst Technol, Oshawa, ON - Canada
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: CRITICAL REVIEWS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY; v. 35, n. 3, p. 281-293, 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 22
Resumo

Lignocellulosic biomass (LB) is a promising sugar feedstock for biofuels and other high-value chemical commodities. The recalcitrance of LB, however, impedes carbohydrate accessibility and its conversion into commercially significant products. Two important factors for the overall economization of biofuel production is LB pretreatment to liberate fermentable sugars followed by conversion into ethanol. Sustainable biofuel production must overcome issues such as minimizing water and energy usage, reducing chemical usage and process intensification. Amongst available pretreatment methods, microorganism-mediated pretreatments are the safest, green, and sustainable. Native biodelignifying agents such as Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Pycnoporous cinnabarinus, Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Cyathus stercoreus can remove lignin, making the remaining substrates amenable for saccharification. The development of a robust, integrated bioprocessing (IBP) approach for economic ethanol production would incorporate all essential steps including pretreatment, cellulase production, enzyme hydrolysis and fermentation of the released sugars into ethanol. IBP represents an inexpensive, environmentally friendly, low energy and low capital approach for second-generation ethanol production. This paper reviews the advancements in microbial-assisted pretreatment for the delignification of lignocellulosic substrates, system metabolic engineering for biorefineries and highlights the possibilities of process integration for sustainable and economic ethanol production. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/11258-0 - Desenvolvimento de processos de sacarificação e co-fermentação simultânea usando cultura mista de leveduras para produção de etanol usando bagaço de cana pré-tratado por amônia
Beneficiário:Anuj Kumar
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/57926-4 - Etanol: pesquisa e desenvolvimento visando ao aproveitamento integrado do bagaço de cana-de-açúcar para a produção biotecnológica do etanol lignocelulósico
Beneficiário:Silvio Silvério da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 12/51214-8 - Biodelignification of sugarcane bagasse for the enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation in one pot to save water and clean energy production
Beneficiário:Silvio Silvério da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular