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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Comparing the topological properties of real and artificially generated scientific manuscripts

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Autor(es):
Amancio, Diego Raphael
Número total de Autores: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCIENTOMETRICS; v. 105, n. 3, p. 1763-1779, DEC 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 17
Resumo

Recent years have witnessed the increase of competition in science. While promoting the quality of research in many cases, an intense competition among scientists can also trigger unethical scientific behaviors. To increase the total number of published papers, some authors even resort to software tools that are able to produce grammatical, but meaningless scientific manuscripts. Because automatically generated papers can be misunderstood as real papers, it becomes of paramount importance to develop means to identify these scientific frauds. In this paper, I devise a methodology to distinguish real manuscripts from those generated with SCIGen, an automatic paper generator. Upon modeling texts as complex networks (CN), it was possible to discriminate real from fake papers with at least 89 % of accuracy. A systematic analysis of features relevance revealed that the accessibility and betweenness were useful in particular cases, even though the relevance depended upon the dataset. The successful application of the methods described here show, as a proof of principle, that network features can be used to identify scientific gibberish papers. In addition, the CN-based approach can be combined in a straightforward fashion with traditional statistical language processing methods to improve the performance in identifying artificially generated papers. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/20830-0 - Modelagem e reconhecimento de padrões em textos com redes complexas
Beneficiário:Diego Raphael Amancio
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular