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Testing general relativity with present and future astrophysical observations

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Autor(es):
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Berti, Emanuele [1, 2] ; Barausse, Enrico [3, 4] ; Cardoso, Vitor [5, 1] ; Gualtieri, Leonardo [6, 7] ; Pani, Paolo [6, 1, 7] ; Sperhake, Ulrich [8, 9, 2] ; Stein, Leo C. [8, 10] ; Wex, Norbert [11] ; Yagi, Kent [12, 13] ; Baker, Tessa [14] ; Burgess, C. P. [5, 15] ; Coelho, Flavio S. [16, 17] ; Doneva, Daniela [18] ; De Felice, Antonio [19, 20] ; Ferreira, Pedro G. [14] ; Freire, Paulo C. C. [11] ; Healy, James [21] ; Herdeiro, Carlos [16, 17] ; Horbatsch, Michael [2] ; Kleihaus, Burkhard [22] ; Klein, Antoine [2] ; Kokkotas, Kostas [18] ; Kunz, Jutta [22] ; Laguna, Pablo [23, 24] ; Lang, Ryan N. [25, 26, 27] ; Li, Tjonnie G. F. [28, 29] ; Littenberg, Tyson [30, 31] ; Matas, Andrew [32] ; Mirshekari, Saeed [33, 34] ; Okawa, Hirotada [1] ; Radu, Eugen [16, 17] ; O'Shaughnessy, Richard [27, 21] ; Sathyaprakash, Bangalore S. [35] ; Van den Broeck, Chris [36] ; Winther, Hans A. [14] ; Witek, Helvi [9] ; Aghili, Mir Emad [2] ; Alsing, Justin [37] ; Bolen, Brett [38] ; Bombelli, Luca [2] ; Caudill, Sarah [27] ; Chen, Liang [2] ; Degollado, Juan Carlos [16, 17] ; Fujita, Ryuichi [1] ; Gao, Caixia [2] ; Gerosa, Davide [9] ; Kamali, Saeed [2] ; Silva, Hector O. [2] ; Rosa, Joao G. [16, 17] ; Sadeghian, Laleh [27] ; Sampaio, Marco [16, 17] ; Sotani, Hajime [39] ; Zilhao, Miguel [21]
Número total de Autores: 53
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
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[1] Univ Lisbon, Inst Super Tecn, Dept Fis, CENTRA, P-1049 Lisbon - Portugal
[2] Univ Mississippi, Dept Phys & Astron, University, MS 38677 - USA
[3] CNRS, Inst Astrophys Paris, UMR 7095, F-75014 Paris - France
[4] Univ Paris 06, Univ Paris 04, UMR 7095, F-75014 Paris - France
[5] Perimeter Inst Theoret Phys, Waterloo, ON N2L 2Y5 - Canada
[6] Univ Roma La Sapienza, Dipartimento Fis, I-00185 Rome - Italy
[7] Sez INFN Roma 1, I-00185 Rome - Italy
[8] CALTECH, Theoret Astrophys 350 17, Pasadena, CA 91125 - USA
[9] Univ Cambridge, Dept Appl Math & Theoret Phys, Ctr Math Sci, Cambridge CB3 0WA - England
[10] Cornell Univ, Cornell Ctr Astrophys & Planetary Sci, Ithaca, NY 14853 - USA
[11] Max Planck Inst Radioastron, D-53121 Bonn - Germany
[12] Princeton Univ, Dept Phys, Princeton, NJ 08544 - USA
[13] Montana State Univ, Dept Phys, Bozeman, MT 59717 - USA
[14] Univ Oxford, Astrophys, DWB, Oxford OX1 3RH - England
[15] McMaster Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Hamilton, ON L8S 4M1 - Canada
[16] Univ Aveiro, Dept Fis, P-3810183 Aveiro - Portugal
[17] CIDMA Campus Santiago, P-3810183 Aveiro - Portugal
[18] Univ Tubingen, Theoret Astrophys, D-72076 Tubingen - Germany
[19] Naresuan Univ, Inst Fundamental Study, ThEPs CRL, NEP, Phitsanulok 65000 - Thailand
[20] Minist Educ, Thailand Ctr Excellence Phys, Bangkok 10400 - Thailand
[21] Rochester Inst Technol, Sch Math Sci, Ctr Computat Relat & Gravitat, Rochester, NY 14623 - USA
[22] Carl von Ossietzky Univ Oldenburg, Inst Phys, D-26111 Oldenburg - Germany
[23] Georgia Inst Technol, Sch Phys, Atlanta, GA 30332 - USA
[24] Georgia Inst Technol, Ctr Relativist Astrophys, Atlanta, GA 30332 - USA
[25] Univ Illinois, Dept Phys, Urbana, IL 61801 - USA
[26] Univ Florida, Dept Phys, Gainesville, FL 32611 - USA
[27] Univ Wisconsin, Leonard E Parker Ctr Gravitat Cosmol & Astrophys, Milwaukee, WI 53211 - USA
[28] Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Dept Phys, Shatin, Hong Kong - Peoples R China
[29] CALTECH, LIGO, Pasadena, CA 91125 - USA
[30] Northwestern Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Evanston, IL 60208 - USA
[31] Northwestern Univ, CIERA, Evanston, IL 60208 - USA
[32] Case Western Reserve Univ, Dept Phys, CERCA, Cleveland, OH 44106 - USA
[33] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Fis Teor, BR-01140070 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[34] Univ Estadual Paulista, ICTP South Amer Inst Fundamental Res, BR-01140070 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[35] Cardiff Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, Cardiff CF24 3AA, S Glam - Wales
[36] NIKHEF, NL-1098 XG Amsterdam - Netherlands
[37] Univ London Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med, Imperial Ctr Inference & Cosmol, London SW7 2AZ - England
[38] Grand Valley State Univ, Dept Phys, Allendale, MI 49401 - USA
[39] Kyoto Univ, Yukawa Inst Theoret Phys, Kyoto 6068502 - Japan
Número total de Afiliações: 39
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: Classical and Quantum Gravity; v. 32, n. 24 DEC 24 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 433
Resumo

One century after its formulation, Einstein's general relativity (GR) has made remarkable predictions and turned out to be compatible with all experimental tests. Most of these tests probe the theory in the weak-field regime, and there are theoretical and experimental reasons to believe that GR should be modified when gravitational fields are strong and spacetime curvature is large. The best astrophysical laboratories to probe strong-field gravity are black holes and neutron stars, whether isolated or in binary systems. We review the motivations to consider extensions of GR. We present a (necessarily incomplete) catalog of modified theories of gravity for which strong-field predictions have been computed and contrasted to Einstein's theory, and we summarize our current understanding of the structure and dynamics of compact objects in these theories. We discuss current bounds on modified gravity from binary pulsar and cosmological observations, and we highlight the potential of future gravitational wave measurements to inform us on the behavior of gravity in the strong-field regime. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/14754-7 - Pesquisa com ondas gravitacionais
Beneficiário:Saeed Mirshekari
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/11973-4 - ICTP Instituto Sul-Americano para Pesquisa Fundamental: um centro regional para física teórica
Beneficiário:Nathan Jacob Berkovits
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático