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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Sorption and desorption of cadmium and zinc in two tropical soils amended with sugarcane-straw-derived biochar

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Melo, Lenidas C. A. [1] ; Puga, Aline P. [2] ; Coscione, Aline R. [2] ; Beesley, Luke [3] ; Abreu, Cleide A. [2] ; Camargo, Otavio A. [2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Lavras, Dept Ciencia Solo, BR-37200000 Lavras, MG - Brazil
[2] Inst Agron Campinas, Ctr Solos & Recursos Ambientais, BR-13020902 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] James Hutton Inst, Aberdeen AB15 8QH - Scotland
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Soils and Sediments; v. 16, n. 1, p. 226-234, JAN 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 26
Resumo

Biochars may enhance the retention capacity of metals in soils, especially in highly weathered tropical soil whose low cation exchange capacity renders heavy metals mobile, and thus be able to leach from soils. We evaluated the effect of sugarcane-straw-derived biochar on sorption and desorption of Cd(II) and Zn(II) in two tropical soils in particular to distinguish primary and secondary mechanisms of metal retention. To test the efficiency of biochar to retain heavy metals, sugarcane-straw-derived biochar was mixed with a clayey Oxisol and an Entisol both from the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil, in batch testing to obtain sorption-desorption isotherms of Cd(II) and Zn(II) and measure the release/displacement of cations (Ca2+ and Mg2+) or precipitation with phosphate during the sorption process. Biochar increased the sorption (including adsorption and precipitation) of both metals in both soils but that most sorption reactions were reversible under buffer acidic conditions, due to dissolution of precipitates in low pH values (< 4.9). Exchange of Cd or Zn with Ca and Mg from the biochar was found to play a minor role on the retention mechanism, whereas surface precipitation (mainly in the Entisol) of the metals (e.g. with phosphate) was likely to be the main sorption mechanism. Application of sugarcane-straw-derived biochar to heavy-metal-contaminated tropical soils seems justified because of its sorptive capacity for Cd and Zn. However, binding reactions on surfaces were reversible, mainly for Cd(II), resulting in the likelihood that repeat applications of biochar would be required to maintain reduced soil solution concentrations of Cd and Zn over time, thus avoiding phytotoxicity and associated environmental risks. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/12346-3 - Imobilização de elementos potencialmente tóxicos por biochar em solos contaminados por atividades de mineração
Beneficiário:Otávio Antonio de Camargo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/02844-6 - Imobilização de elementos potencialmente tóxicos por biochar em solos contaminados por atividades de mineração
Beneficiário:Leônidas Carrijo Azevedo Melo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado