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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Establishment of tree seedlings in the understory of restoration plantations: natural regeneration and enrichment plantings

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Autor(es):
Bertacchi, Maria Isabel F. [1] ; Amazonas, Nino T. [2] ; Brancalion, Pedro H. S. [2] ; Brondani, Gilvano E. [3] ; de Oliveira, Anderson C. S. [4] ; de Pascoa, Marcelino A. R. ; Rodrigues, Ricardo R. [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Dept Ciencias Biol, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Dept Ciencias Florestais, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Mato Grosso, Dept Engn Florestal, BR-78060900 Cuiaba, MT - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Mato Grosso, Dept Estat, BR-78060900 Cuiaba, MT - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: RESTORATION ECOLOGY; v. 24, n. 1, p. 100-108, JAN 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 28
Resumo

Little is known about the potential of restoration plantations to provide appropriate understory conditions to support the establishment of seeds arriving from neighboring native forests. In this article, we investigated how seedling establishment is affected in the understory of restoration sites of different ages and assessed some of the potential environmental factors controlling this ecological process. We first compared the density and richness of native tree seedlings among 10-, 22-, and 55-year-old restoration plantations within the Atlantic Forest region of southeastern Brazil. Then, we undertook a seed addition experiment in each study site, during the wet season, and compared seedling emergence, survival, and biomass on local versus old-growth forest soil (transferred from a reference ecosystem), in order to test whether local substrate could hamper seedling establishment. As expected, the oldest restoration site had higher density and richness of spontaneously regenerating seedlings. However, seedling establishment was less successful both in the oldest restoration planting and using substrate transferred from a reference ecosystem, where emergence and survival were lower, but surviving seedlings grew better. We attribute these results to lower light availability for seedlings in the understory of the oldest site and speculate that higher incidence of pathogens on old-growth forest soil may have increased seedling mortality. We conclude that the understory of young restoration plantations provides suitable microsite conditions at the early establishment phases for the spontaneous regeneration or enrichment planting of native trees. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/12663-9 - Micro-sítio como filtro para o estabelecimento de regenerantes arbóreos em áreas restauradas
Beneficiário:Maria Isabel Ferreira Bertacchi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 13/50718-5 - Restauração ecológica de florestas ciliares, de florestas nativas de produção econômica e de fragmentos florestais degradados (em APP e RL), com base na ecologia de restauração de ecossistemas de referência, visando testar cientificamente os preceitos do Novo Código Florestal Brasileiro
Beneficiário:Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático