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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Dark septate endophytic fungi of native plants along an altitudinal gradient in the Brazilian Atlantic forest

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Autor(es):
Bonfim, Joice Andrade [1] ; Figueiredo Vasconcellos, Rafael Leandro [2] ; Baldesin, Luiz Fernando [1] ; Sieber, Thomas N. [3] ; Bran Nogueira Cardoso, Elke Jurandy [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Soil Microbiol Lab, Dept Soil Sci, Padua Dias Ave 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] EMBRAPA Environm Brazilian Agr Res Corp, 340, Km 127, 5, BR-13820000 Jaguariuna, SP - Brazil
[3] ETH, Inst Integrat Biol, Dept Environm Syst Sci, Unversitaetstr 16, CH-8092 Zurich - Switzerland
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Fungal Ecology; v. 20, p. 202-210, APR 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 15
Resumo

Dark septate endophytic (DSE) fungal diversity was studied in the Atlantic rain forest in Serra do Mar Park (SE Brazil), along an altitudinal gradient (80, 600 and 1000 m a.s.l.). DSE were isolated from the roots of seven native tree species in three seasons (spring, summer and autumn). Fungi were identified by sequencing the ITS regions of rDNA of representative isolates of each morphotype. The 251 isolates could be assigned to 35 OTUs, which represented 27 species according to sequence data. The most frequently observed genera were Alternaria, Ascochyta, Cladosporium, Coniothyrium, Nigrospora, Microdiplodia and Phoma. Pathogenicity of each OTU was tested by inoculating rice seedlings (Oryza sativa). Fourteen of the 35 OTUs were non-pathogenic on rice seedlings, representing approximately 44% of the isolates. Multivariate statistical analyses showed that species composition of the endophyte communities correlated most strongly with the host species, whereas altitude, soil parameters or season were of minor importance. To our knowledge, this is the first time that DSE diversity has been reported in Brazil. We showed that some trees of the Atlantic rain forest are colonized by common members of the DSE community, previously reported from other regions in the world. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd and The British Mycological Society. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/15262-5 - Fungos micorrízicos arbusculares e endófitos de micélio escuro em áreas de Mata Atlântica em um gradiente altitudinal
Beneficiário:Joice Andrade Bonfim
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado