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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Environmental Mapping of Paracoccidioides spp. in Brazil Reveals New Clues into Genetic Diversity, Biogeography and Wild Host Association

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Autor(es):
Arantes, Thales Domingos [1, 2] ; Theodoro, Raquel Cordeiro [2, 3] ; Teixeira, Marcus de Melo [4, 5] ; Gimenes Bosco, Sandra de Moraes [1] ; Bagagli, Eduardo [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Biociencias Botucatu, Dept Microbiol & Imunol, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Rio Grande Norte UFRN, Inst Med Trop IMT RN, Natal, RN - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Rio Grande Norte UFRN, Ctr Biociencias, Dept Biol Celular & Genet, Natal, RN - Brazil
[4] Univ Brasilia UnB, Dept Biol Celular, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[5] Northern Arizona Ctr Valley Fever Res, Translat Genom Res Inst Tgen North, Flagstaff, AZ - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases; v. 10, n. 4 APR 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 19
Resumo

Background Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and Paracoccidioides lutzii are the etiological agents of Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), and are easily isolated from human patients. However, due to human migration and a long latency period, clinical isolates do not reflect the spatial distribution of these pathogens. Molecular detection of P. brasiliensis and P. lutzii from soil, as well as their isolation from wild animals such as armadillos, are important for monitoring their environmental and geographical distribution. This study aimed to detect and, for the first time, evaluate the genetic diversity of P. brasiliensis and P. lutzii for Paracoccidioidomycosis in endemic and non-endemic areas of the environment, by using Nested PCR and in situ hybridization techniques. Methods/Principal Findings Aerosol (n = 16) and soil (n = 34) samples from armadillo burrows, as well as armadillos (n = 7) were collected in endemic and non-endemic areas of PCM in the Southeastern, Midwestern and Northern regions of Brazil. Both P. brasiliensis and P. lutzii were detected in soil (67.5%) and aerosols (81%) by PCR of Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) region (60%), and also by in situ hybridization (83%). Fungal isolation from armadillo tissues was not possible. Sequences from both species of P. brasiliensis and P. lutzii were detected in all regions. In addition, we identified genetic Paracoccidioides variants in soil and aerosol samples which have never been reported before in clinical or armadillo samples, suggesting greater genetic variability in the environment than in vertebrate hosts. Conclusions/Significance Data may reflect the actual occurrence of Paracoccidioides species in their saprobic habitat, despite their absence/non-detection in seven armadillos evaluated in regions with high prevalence of PCM infection by P. lutzii. These results may indicate a possible ecological difference between P. brasiliensis and P. lutzii concerning their wild hosts. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/03233-3 - Detecção do Paracoccidioides spp. em amostras ambientais e diferenciação do complexo P. brasiliensis da espécie P. lutzii por Nested PCR e hibridização in situ.
Beneficiário:Thales Domingos Arantes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/14047-6 - Detecção e diferenciação molecular das espécies Paracoccidioides brasiliensis e Paracoccidioides lutzii em amostras ambientais
Beneficiário:Eduardo Bagagli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular