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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Evidence of Allopolyploidy in Urochloa humidicola Based on Cytological Analysis and Genetic Linkage Mapping

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Autor(es):
Vigna, Bianca B. Z. [1, 2] ; Santos, Jean C. S. [1] ; Jungmann, Leticia [3, 4] ; do Valle, Cacilda B. [3] ; Mollinari, Marcelo [5] ; Pastina, Maria M. [6] ; Pagliarini, Maria Suely [7] ; Garcia, Antonio A. F. [5] ; Souza, Anete P. [1, 8]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, CBMEG, CP 6010, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Embrapa Pecuaria Sudeste, CP 399, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Embrapa Gado Corte, Av Radio Maia 830, BR-79106550 Campo Grande, MS - Brazil
[4] Embrapa Agroenergia, CP 40-315, BR-70770901 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Dept Genet, CP 83, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[6] Embrapa Milho & Sorgo, Rod MG 424, Km 65, BR-35701970 Sete Lagoas, MG - Brazil
[7] Univ Maringa UEM, Dept Genet & Cell Biol, Av Colombo, 5790, Zona 7, BR-87020900 Maringa, Parana - Brazil
[8] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Plant Biol, CP6109, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 11, n. 4 APR 22 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

The African species Urochloa humidicola (Rendle) Morrone \& Zuloaga (syn. Brachiaria humidicola (Rendle) Schweick.) is an important perennial forage grass found throughout the tropics. This species is polyploid, ranging from tetra to nonaploid, and apomictic, which makes genetic studies challenging; therefore, the number of currently available genetic resources is limited. The genomic architecture and evolution of U. humidicola and the molecular markers linked to apomixis were investigated in a full-sib F-1 population obtained by crossing the sexual accession H031 and the apomictic cultivar U. humidicola cv. BRS Tupi, both of which are hexaploid. A simple sequence repeat (SSR)-based linkage map was constructed for the species from 102 polymorphic and specific SSR markers based on simplex and double-simplex markers. The map consisted of 49 linkage groups (LGs) and had a total length of 1702.82 cM, with 89 microsatellite loci and an average map density of 10.6 cM. Eight homology groups (HGs) were formed, comprising 22 LGs, and the other LGs remained ungrouped. The locus that controls apospory (apo-locus) was mapped in LG02 and was located 19.4 cM from the locus Bh027.c.D2. In the cytological analyses of some hybrids, bi-to hexavalents at diakinesis were observed, as well as two nucleoli in some meiocytes, smaller chromosomes with preferential allocation within the first metaphase plate and asynchronous chromosome migration to the poles during anaphase. The linkage map and the meiocyte analyses confirm previous reports of hybridization and suggest an allopolyploid origin of the hexaploid U. humidicola. This is the first linkage map of an Urochloa species, and it will be useful for future quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis after saturation of the map and for genome assembly and evolutionary studies in Urochloa spp. Moreover, the results of the apomixis mapping are consistent with previous reports and confirm the need for additional studies to search for a co-segregating marker. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/52197-4 - Genomic-assisted breeding of sugarcane: using molecular markers for understanding the genetic architecture of quantitative traits and to implement marker assisted selection
Beneficiário:Anete Pereira de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 05/51010-0 - Desenvolvimento e caracterização de marcadores microssatélites em espécies forrageiras tropicais para utilização em estudos genéticos e melhoramento
Beneficiário:Anete Pereira de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 07/57022-5 - Mapeamento do gene de apomixia em uma população segregante de Brachiaria humidicola
Beneficiário:Bianca Baccili Zanotto Vigna
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 10/50032-8 - Mapeamento da região genômica associada a aposporia (ASGR) em uma população segregante de Brachiaria humidicola
Beneficiário:Bianca Baccili Zanotto Vigna
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto