Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Costs and benefits of temporary egg desertion in a rocky shore frog with male-only care

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Consolmagno, Rafael C. [1] ; Requena, Gustavo S. [2] ; Machado, Glauco [2] ; Brasileiro, Cinthia A. [3]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Biol, Programa Posgrad Ecol & Evolucao, Campus Diadema, BR-09972270 Diadema, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, LAGE, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Biol, Campus Diadema, BR-09972270 Diadema, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY; v. 70, n. 5, p. 785-795, MAY 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

Egg attendance imposes costs on parents, including decreased food intake and increased mortality risks. By concentrating parental activities when egg predation is greater and abiotic conditions are less stressful, parents may decrease these costs. Here, we quantify the costs and benefits of temporary egg desertion in the frog Thoropa taophora, whose males care for eggs on rocky shores. We tested hypotheses on the effect of the period of the day (day vs. night) and breeding site (exposed vs. protected from sunlight) on the frequency of temporary desertion, water loss, and egg predation. Using naturalistic observations, we show that parental males deserted their clutches more often during daytime and in exposed sites. Using a field experiment with agar models simulating adult males, we show that water loss was greater during daytime and in exposed sites. Finally, using field observations and a male removal experiment, we show that male presence improves egg survival and that egg predation was higher during the night, with no effect of breeding site. Because the main egg predators are conspecifics, which are mostly inactive when parental males are not attending their clutches, the costs of temporary desertion in terms of egg loss are relatively low when compared with the benefits related to decreased exposure of parental males to stressful abiotic conditions. In conclusion, we predict that temporary offspring desertion should be found especially among ectotherms, when periods of harsher environmental abiotic conditions for the parents are coincident with periods of low offspring demand for protection against predators. To take care of eggs is costly for the parents because they are exposed to predators or stressful environmental conditions. In order to avoid these costs, parents may leave the eggs temporarily unattended. Although temporary egg desertion has been reported for many species, the selective forces favoring its evolution are still poorly understood. Here, we investigated the costs and benefits of temporary egg desertion in a frog whose males care for eggs on rocky shores, an extreme environment for animals with permeable skin. Our findings lead us to conclude that temporary egg desertion should evolve when periods of harsher environmental conditions for the parents are coincident with periods of low offspring demand for protection against predators. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/10448-4 - Inter-relações entre cuidado paternal e seleção sexual em opiliões
Beneficiário:Glauco Machado
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/50229-1 - Macro-ecologia da seleção sexual: influencia do clima sobre caracteres sexualmente selecionados em uma ampla escala geográfica
Beneficiário:Glauco Machado
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/50741-7 - Diversidade e conservação dos anfíbios brasileiros
Beneficiário:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático