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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Equatorial E region electric fields at the dip equator: 1. Variabilities in eastern Brazil and Peru

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Moro, J. ; Denardini, C. M. ; Resende, L. C. A. ; Chen, S. S. ; Schuch, N. J.
Número total de Autores: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS; v. 121, n. 10, p. 10220-10230, OCT 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

The equatorial electrojet (EEJ) is an intense eastward ionospheric electric current centered at about 105 km of altitude along the dip equator, set up by the global neutral wind dynamo that generates the eastward zonal (Ey) and the daytime vertical (Ez) electric fields. The temporal variation of the EEJ is believed to be well understood. However, the longitudinal variability of the Ey and Ez between 100 and 110 km is still quite scarce. Due to their importance overall phenomenology of the equatorial ionosphere, we investigate the variabilities of the Ey and Ez inferred from measurements of the Doppler frequency of Type II echoes provided by coherent backscatter radars installed in locations close to the magnetic equator in the eastern Brazil (2.33 degrees S,44.20 degrees W) and Peru (11.95 degrees S, 76.87 degrees W). This study is based on long-term (609 days for both systems) radar soundings collected from 2001 to 2010. The variabilities of the electric fields are studied in terms of the position of the soundings with respect to the dip equator and the magnetic declination angle. Among the results, Ey and Ez show longitudinal dependence, being higher in Peru than east Brazil. Under quiet geomagnetic activity, the mean diurnal variations of Ey ranged from 0.21 to 0.35 mV/m between 8 and 18 h (LT) in Brazil and from 0.23 mV/m to 0.45 mV/m in Peru, while the mean diurnal variations of the Ez ranges from 7.09 to 8.80 mV/m in Brazil and from 9.00 to 11.18 mV/m in Peru. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/08445-9 - Estudo da variabilidade dia-a-dia da mesosfera, termosfera e ionosfera em baixas latitudes e região equatorial, durante o ciclo solar 24
Beneficiário:Paulo Roberto Fagundes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 14/11198-9 - Análise do efeito de campos elétricos perturbados nas camadas es em regiões equatoriais e de baixas latitudes
Beneficiário:Láysa Cristina Araújo Resende Chagas
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado