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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Petrographic, geochemical and isotopic evidence of crustal assimilation processes in the Ponte Nova alkaline mafic-ultramafic massif, SE Brazil

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Azzone, Rogerio Guitarrari ; Munoz, Patricio Montecinos ; Rojas Enrich, Gaston Eduardo ; Alves, Adriana ; Ruberti, Excelso ; Gomes, Celsode Barros
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: LITHOS; v. 260, p. 58-75, SEP 1 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 9

Crustal assimilation plus crystal fractionation processes of different basanite magma batches control the evolution of the Ponte Nova cretaceous alkaline mafic-ultramafic massif in SE Brazil. This massif is composed of several intrusions, the main ones with a cumulate character. Disequilibrium features in the early-crystallized phases (e.g., corrosion and sieve textures in cores of clinopyroxene crystals, spongy-cellular-textured plagioclase crystals, gulf corrosion texture in olivine crystals) and classical hybridization textures (e.g., blade biotite and acicular apatite crystals) provide strong evidence of open-system behavior. All samples are olivine- and nepheline-normative rocks with basic-ultrabasic and potassic characters and variable incompatible element enrichments. The wide ranges of whole-rock Sr-87/Sr-86(i) and Nd-143/Nd-144(i) ratios (0.70432-0.70641 and 0.512216-0.512555, respectively) are indicative of crustal contribution from the Precambrian basement host rocks. Plagioclase and apatite Sr-87/Sr-86 ratios (0.70422-0.70927) obtained for the most primitive samples of each intrusion indicate disequilibrium conditions from early- to principal-crystallization stages. Isotope mixing-model curves between the least contaminated alkaline basic magma and heterogeneous local crustal components indicate that each intrusion of the massif is differentiated from the others by varied degrees of crustal contribution. The primary mechanisms of crustal contribution to the Ponte Nova massif involve the assimilation of host rock xenoliths during the development of the chamber environment and the assimilation of partial melts from the surrounding host rocks. Thermodynamic models using the melts algorithm indicate that parental alkaline basic magmas can be strongly affected by contamination processes subsequently to their initial stages of crystallization when there is sufficient energy to assimilate partial melts of crustal host rocks. The assimilation processes are considered to be responsible for the increse in the K2O/Na2O, Ba/Sr and Rb/Sr ratios. This enrichment was associated with the relevant role of biotite breakdown in the assimilated host rock partial melts. The petrological model for the Ponte Nova massif is explained as repeated influxes of antecryst-laden basanite magmas that deposited most of their suspended crystals on the floor of the upper-crust magma chamber. Each intrusion is representative of relatively primitive olivine- and clinopyroxene-phyric basanites that had assimilated different degrees of partial melts of heterogeneous host rocks. This study reveals the relevant role of crustal assimilation processes in the magmatic evolution of nepheline-normative rocks, especially in upper -crust chamber environments. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/20425-8 - Petrologia do magmatismo máfico Meso-Cenozóico de tendência alcalina no sudeste da Plataforma Brasileira (SP): diques de lamprófiro e stocks cumuláticos
Beneficiário:Rogério Guitarrari Azzone
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 03/00626-5 - Petrologia da associação máfica-ultramáfica da região de Ponte Nova (SP) e suas implicações geodinâmicas para o magmatismo alcalino Mesozóico da província Serra do Mar
Beneficiário:Rogério Guitarrari Azzone
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 12/06082-6 - A província magmática Paraná-Etendeka no Brasil: relações temporais e petrológicas entre o magmatismo toleítico e alcalino e suas implicações geodinâmicas
Beneficiário:Excelso Ruberti
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático