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Holocene changes in Antarctic Intermediate Water flow strength in the Southwest Atlantic

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Voigt, Ines ; Chiessi, Cristiano M. ; Piola, Alberto R. ; Henrich, Ruediger
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Citações Web of Science: 3

Antarctic Intermediate Water (AAIW) is an essential component of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) contributing to balance the southward flow of North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW). However, the role of AAIW in Holocene abrupt climate changes remains poorly understood. Here we reconstruct changes in the flow strength of AAIW based on a high temporal resolution paleocurrent record from the Southwest Atlantic. Superimposed on a slight increase in AAIW strength at similar to 7 ka BP, a succession of millennial-scale AAIW variations is recognized in our paleocurrent records indicating a highly variable intermediate water circulation throughout the Holocene. Although variations in the strength and position of the Southern Westerlies Winds (SWW) are proposed to greatly influence the formation and circulation of AAIW, we cannot confirm such a potential SWW-AAIW linkage since our records of AAIW flow strength do not correlate to Holocene shifts of the SWW across the Atlantic. However, our data shows a good correspondence with abrupt variations in the AMOC with enhanced (reduced) northward advection of AAIW during periods of reduced (enhanced) NADW circulation. These results provide evidence for a Holocene AAIW-NADW see-saw. Thus, although the exact forcing mechanism remains unresolved, we suggest that Holocene perturbations in AAIW exerted a significant impact on the AMOC. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/17517-3 - Resposta da porção oeste do Oceano Atlântico às mudanças na circulação meridional do Atlântico: variabilidade milenar a sazonal
Beneficiário:Cristiano Mazur Chiessi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Jovens Pesquisadores