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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

EXCLUSION PERFORMANCE AND LEARNING BY EXCLUSION IN DOGS

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Autor(es):
Zaine, Isabela ; Domeniconi, Camila ; de Rose, Julio C.
Número total de Autores: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR; v. 105, n. 3, p. 362-374, MAY 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Responding by exclusion is a type of emergent repertoire in which an individual chooses an alternative by the apparent exclusion of other available alternatives. In this case it is possible to respond appropriately to an undefined stimulus (one that has not previously acquired discriminative functions) by excluding the defined alternatives. There is evidence of exclusion in humans and nonhuman animals, although learning as an outcome of exclusion does not always occur. This study aimed to investigate exclusion in visual simple discriminations and learning of new simple discriminations resulting from exclusion in four border collies. Subjects were trained to perform simple simultaneous discriminations between pairs of tridimensional objects, and were then tested for exclusion, novelty control and learning of new simple discriminations. All dogs successfully responded by exclusion, choosing an undefined stimulus displayed with an S-. For three dogs, it was possible to conclude that these previously undefined stimuli acquired S+ functions, documenting learning of new simple discriminations. However, this required up to four exposures to exclusion trials with each pair of stimuli. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/06288-0 - Sensibilidade a dicas sociais humanas e comportamentos emergentes em cães domésticos (canis familiaris)
Beneficiário:Isabela Zaine
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/57705-8 - Instituto de Estudos sobre Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino
Beneficiário:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático