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Nickel Availability in Soil as Influenced by Liming and Its Role in Soybean Nitrogen Metabolism

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de Macedo, Fernando G. ; Bresolin, Joana D. ; Santos, Elcio F. ; Furlan, Felipe ; Lopes da Silva, Wilson T. ; Polacco, Joe C. ; Lavres, Jose
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Citações Web of Science: 7

Nickel (Ni) availability in soil varies as a function of pH. Plants require Ni in small quantities for normal development, especially in legumes due its role in nitrogen (N) metabolism. This study investigated the effect of soil base saturation, and Ni amendments on Ni uptake, N accumulation in the leaves and grains, as well as to evaluate organic acids changes in soybean. In addition, two N assimilation enzymes were assayed: nitrate reductase (NR) and Ni-dependent urease. Soybean plants inoculated with Bradyrhizobiurn japonicum were cultivated in soil-filled pots under two base-cation saturation (BCS) ratios (50 and 70%) and five Ni rates - 0.0; 0.1; 0.5; 1.0; and 10.0 mg dm(-3) Ni. At flowering (R1 developmental stage), plants for each condition were evaluated for organic acids (oxalic, malonic, succinic, malic, tartaric, fumaric, oxaloacetic, citric and lactic) levels as well as the activities of urease and NR. At the end of the growth period (R7 developmental stage-grain maturity), grain N and Ni accumulations were determined. The available soil-Ni in rhizosphere extracted by DTPA increased with Ni rates, notably in BCS50. The highest concentrations of organic acid and N occurred in BCS70 and 0.5 mg dm(-3) of Ni. There were no significant differences for urease activity taken on plants grown at BSC50 for Ni rates, except for the control treatment, while plants cultivated at soil BCS70 increased the urease activity up to 0.5 mg dm(-3) of Ni. In addition, the highest values for urease activities were reached from the 0.5 mg dm(-3) of Ni rate for both BCS treatments. The NR activity was not affected by any treatment indicating good biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) for all plants. The reddish color of the nodules increased with Ni rates in both BCS50 and 70, also confirms the good BNF due to Ni availability. The optimal development of soybean occurs in BCS70, but requires an extra Ni supply for the production of organic acids and for increased N-shoot and grain accumulation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/58406-1 - Avaliação da disponibilidade do níquel no solo por métodos químicos e biológico
Beneficiário:José Lavres Junior
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/18226-2 - Disponibilidade de níquel no sistema solo-planta: efeito de doses e saturações por bases
Beneficiário:Fernando Giovannetti de Macedo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado