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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Nasal Polyp-Derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Exhibit Lack of Immune-Associated Molecules and High Levels of Stem/Progenitor Cells Markers

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Autor(es):
Barbosa de Oliveira, Pedro Wey ; Pezato, Rogerio ; Henao Agudelo, Juan Sebastian ; Perez-Novo, Claudina Angela ; Berghe, Wim Vanden ; Camara, Niels Olsen ; de Almeida, Danilo Candido ; Gregorio, Luis Carlos
Número total de Autores: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN IMMUNOLOGY; v. 8, JAN 30 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 19
Resumo

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are considered adult progenitor stem cells and have been studied in a multitude of tissues. In this context, the microenvironment of nasal polyp tissue has several inflammatory cells, but their stroma compartment remains little elucidated. Hence, we isolated MSCs from nasal polyps Polyp-MSCs (PO-MSCs) and compared their molecular features and gene expression pattern with bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs). Initially, both PO-MSCs and BM-MSCs were isolated, cultivated, and submitted to morphologic, differentiation, phenotypic, immunosuppressive, and gene expression assays. Compared to BM-MSCs, PO-MSCs showed normal morphology and similar osteogenic/ adipogenic differentiation potential, but their immunophenotyping showed lack of immune-associated molecules (e. g., CD117, HLA-DR, PDL-1, and PDL2), which was linked with less immunoregulatory abilities such as (i) inhibition of lymphocytes proliferation and (ii) regulatory T cell expansion. Furthermore, we detected in the PO-MSCs a distinct gene expression profile in comparison with BM-MSCs. PO-MSC expressed higher levels of progenitor stem cells specific markers (e. g., CD133 and ABCB1), while BM-MSCs showed elevated expression of cytokines and growth factors (e. g., FGF10, KDR, and GDF6). The gene ontology analysis showed that the differentially modulated genes in PO-MSC were related with matrix remodeling process and hexose and glucose transport. For BM-MSCs, the highly expressed genes were associated with behavior, angiogenesis, blood vessel morphogenesis, cell-cell signaling, and regulation of response to external stimulus. Thus, these results suggest that PO-MSCs, while sharing similar aspects with BM-MSCs, express a different profile of molecules, which presumably can be implicated in the development of nasal polyp tissue. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/02270-2 - Novos mecanismos celulares, moleculares e imunológicos das lesões renais agudas e crônicas: busca por novas estratégias terapêuticas
Beneficiário:Niels Olsen Saraiva Câmara
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático