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In vitro Activities of Pfaffia glomerata Root Extract, Its Hydrolyzed Fractions and Pfaffic Acid Against Trypanosoma cruzi Trypomastigotes

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Autor(es):
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Silva, Marcio L. A. e ; Pereira, Ana C. ; Ferreira, Daniele S. ; Esperandim, Viviane R. ; Simaro, Guilherme V. ; Lima, Thais C. ; Januario, Ana H. ; Pauletti, Patricia M. ; Rehder, Vera L. G. ; Crevelin, Eduardo J. ; Cunha, Wilson R. ; Crotti, Antonio E. M. ; Bastos, Jairo K.
Número total de Autores: 13
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CHEMISTRY & BIODIVERSITY; v. 14, n. 1 JAN 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

This article reports on the in vitro activity of the hydroalcoholic extract of Pfaffia glomerata roots, its hydrolyzed fractions, and pfaffic acid against Trypanosoma cruzi. The hydroalcoholic extract obtained from dried, milled P. glomerata roots was submitted to acid hydrolysis followed by partition with CHCl3. The concentrated CHCl3 fraction was suspended in MeOH/H2O and partitioned with hexane (F1), CHCl3 (F2), and AcOEt (F3), in this sequence. The trypanocidal activity of the hydrolyzed extract and its fractions was evaluated in vitro. The hydroalcoholic extract displayed low activity, but fraction F1 was active against trypomastigotes of the Y strain of T. cruzi, with IC50 = 47.89 g/ml. The steroids campesterol (7.7%), stigmasterol (18.7%), -sitosterol (16.8%), (7)-stigmastenol (4.6%), and (7)-spinasterol (7.5%) were the major constituents of F1, along with fatty acid esters (7.6%) and eight aliphatic hydrocarbons (30.1%). Fractions F2 and F3 exhibited moderate activity, and pfaffic acid, one of the main chemical constituents of these fractions, displayed IC50 = 44.78 m (21.06 g/ml). On the other hand, the hydroalcoholic extract of P. glomerata roots, which is rich in pfaffosides, was inactive. Therefore, the main aglycone of pfaffosides, pfaffic acid, is much more active against trypomastigotes of the Y strain of T. cruzi than its corresponding glycosides and should be further investigated. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/20094-0 - Avaliação da atividade antiparasitária e inseticida de compostos benzofurânicos e estudo de suas reações de fragmentação em fase gasosa empregando espectrometria de massas sequencial
Beneficiário:Antônio Eduardo Miller Crotti
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular