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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The multifaceted roles of Leptospira enolase

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Autor(es):
Salazar, Natalia ; Lima de Souza, Matilde Costa ; Biasioli, Amanda Gameiro ; da Silva, Ludmila Bezerra ; Barbosa, Angela Silva
Número total de Autores: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Research in Microbiology; v. 168, n. 2, p. 157-164, FEB-MAR 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

A previous study had demonstrated that Leptospira enolase is secreted extracellularly by a yet unknown mechanism and reassociates with the bacterial membrane. Surface-anchored leptospiral enolase displays plasminogen binding activity. In this work, we explored the consequences of this interaction and also assessed whether Leptospira enolase might display additional moonlighting functions by interacting with other host effector proteins. We first demonstrated that enolase-bound plasminogen is converted to its active form, plasmin. The protease plasmin targets human fibrinogen and vitronectin, but not the complement proteins C3b and C5. Leptospira enolase also acts as an immune evasion protein by interacting with the negative complement regulators C4b binding protein and factor H. Once bound to enolase, both regulators remain functional as cofactors of factor I, mediating cleavage of C4b and C3b. In conclusion, enolase may facilitate leptospiral survival and dissemination, thus contributing to bacterial virulence. The identification and characterization of moonlighting proteins is a growing field of bacterial pathogenesis, as these multifaceted proteins may represent potential future therapeutic targets to fight bacterial infections. (C) 2016 Institut Pasteur. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/00926-3 - Interação leptospira-hospedeiro: aspectos relacionados à invasão tecidual e evasão ao sistema imune inato
Beneficiário:Angela Silva Barbosa
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular