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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Molecular identification of Plasmodium spp. and blood meal sources of anophelines in environmental reserves on Sao LuIs Island, state of Maranhao, Brazil

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Autor(es):
Pereira Figueiredo, Mayra Araguaia ; Di Santi, Silvia Maria ; Manrique, Wilson Gomez ; Goncalves, Luiz Ricardo ; Andre, Marcos Rogerio ; Machado, Rosangela Zacarias
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PARASITES & VECTORS; v. 10, APR 26 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Background: Considering the diversity of feeding habits that females of some species of anophelines present, it is important to understand which vertebrates are part of blood food sources and how important is the role of each in the ecoepidemiology of malaria. There are many vector species for Plasmodium spp. in the State of Maranhao, Brazil. In Sao Luis Island, Anopheles aquasalis is the main vector for human malaria; this species is abundant in areas with primates that are positive for Plasmodium. Anopheles aquasalis has natural exophilic and zoophilic feeding behavior, but in cases of high density and absence of animals, presents quite varied behavior, and feeds on human blood. In this context, the objective of the present study was to identify Plasmodium spp. and the blood meal sources of anophelines in two environmental reserves on Sao Luis Island, state of Maranhao, using molecular methods. Methods: Between June and July 2013, female anophelines were collected in the Sitio Aguahy Private Reserve, in the municipality of Sao Josee de Ribamar, and in the Sitio Mangalho Reserve, located within the Maracana Environmental Protection Area, in the municipality of Sao Luis. CDC-type light traps, Shannon traps and protected human bait were used during three consecutive hours in peridomesticand wooded areas. Pools of anophelines were formed using mosquitoes of the same species that had been caught at the same site on the same date. A genus-specific amplification protocol based on the 18S rRNA gene was used for qPCR and cPCR. Results: A total of 416 anophelines were collected, of the following species: An. aquasalis (399), An. mediopunctatus (3), An. shannoni (1), An. nuneztovari (sensu lato) (1), An. goeldii (1), An. evansae (2) and An. (Nyssorhynchus) sp. (9), comprising 54 pools. Two pools were positive for Plasmodium (2/ 54) based on the 18S rRNA gene. In the phylogenetic analysis using the maximum likelihood method, based on a 240 bp fragment of the 18S rRNA gene, it was found that the sequences of Plasmodium sp. amplified from pools of An. aquasalis (pool 2) and An. nuneztovari (s.l.) (pool 10) were phylogenetically related to a clade of P. falciparum isolates from India, and to a clade of Plasmodium sp. isolates from psittacines in Brazil, respectively. Cat, dog and human DNA were identified in the blood meals of the anophelines sampled. Conclusion: The species An. aquasalis was the most abundant anopheline species in Sao Luis Island. Plasmodium spp. DNA was detected, thus confirming the importance of this species as the main vector on Sao Luis Island, Brazil. In addition, the presence of An. nuneztovari (s.l.) with DNA positive for Plasmodium spp. confirms its importance as a secondary vector. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/12820-4 - Caracterização soroepidemiológica e molecular da infecção malárica em primatas neotropicais no estado do Maranhão
Beneficiário:Rosangela Zacarias Machado
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/03961-9 - Identificação de Plasmodium spp. em primatas neotropicais e em anofelinos em municípios da ilha de São Luís e no município de Imperatriz, Estado do Maranhão
Beneficiário:Mayra Araguaia Pereira Figueiredo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado