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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

A genetic approach to the rock-paper-scissors game

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Autor(es):
Barreto, Wendell P. ; Marquitti, Flavia M. D. ; de Aguiar, Marcus A. M.
Número total de Autores: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Theoretical Biology; v. 421, p. 146-152, MAY 21 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Polymorphisms are usually associated with defenses and mating strategies, affecting the individual's fitness. Coexistence of different morphs is, therefore, not expected, since the fittest morph should outcompete the others. Nevertheless, coexistence is observed in many natural systems. For instance, males of the side-blotched lizards (Uta stansburiana) present three morphs with throat colors orange, yellow and blue, which are associated with mating strategies and territorial behavior. The three male morphs compete for females in a system that is well described by the rock-paper-scissors dynamics of game theory. Previous studies have modeled the lizards as hermaphroditic populations whose individual's behavior were determined only by their phenotypes. Here we consider an extension of this dynamical system where diploidy and sexual reproduction are explicitly taken into account. Similarly to the lizards we represent the genetic system by a single locus with three alleles, o, y, and b in a diploid chromosome with dominance of o over y and of y over b. We show that this genotypic description of the dynamics results in the same equilibrium phenotype frequencies as the phenotypic models, but affects the stability of the system, changing the parameter region where coexistence of the three morphs is possible in a rock-paper-scissors game. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/11985-3 - Evolução da cooperação entre diferentes espécies
Beneficiário:Flávia Maria Darcie Marquitti
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/00635-4 - O papel da ploidia e do método de reprodução na evolução da cooperação entre espécies
Beneficiário:Flávia Maria Darcie Marquitti
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado