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Ionic Liquid-Silica Precursors via Solvent-Free Sol Gel Process and Their Application in Epoxy-Amine Network: A Theoretical/Experimental Study

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Perchacz, Magdalena ; Donato, Ricardo Keitel ; Seixas, Leandro ; Zhigunov, Alexander ; Konefal, Rafal ; Serkis-Rodzen, Magdalena ; Benes, Hynek
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES; v. 9, n. 19, p. 16474-16487, MAY 17 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 5

This work describes the solvent-free sol gel synthesis of epoxy-functionalized silica-based precursors in the presence of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium-based ionic liquids (ILs) containing different anions: chloride (Cl-) and methanesulfonate (MeSO3-). The IL-driven sol gel mechanisms were investigated in detail using experimental characterizations (Si-29 NMR and ATR FTIR spectroscopy) and a theoretical computational method based on density functional theory (DFT). We observed complex IL influence on both hydrolysis and condensation steps, involving especially H-bonding and Coulomb coupling stabilization of the process intermediates. The Obtained IL-silica precursors and their further xerogels were widely characterized (theology measurements, MALDI TOF, Si-29 NMR, ATR FTIR, and. DFT simulation), which allowed observation of their precise silica structures and established their most energetically favorable conformations. The structures were dependent on the IL type and varied from highly condensed 3D cage-like to branched ladder-like and cyclic ones. The application of prepared IL-silica precursors as reinforcing additives into the epoxy-amine network led to an improvement in the organic/inorganic interphase interactions through chemical and physical bonding. Uniform and well-dispersed silica aggregates, in the size of similar to 30 nm, were formed when <= 6.8 wt % of each IL-silica precursor was applied into the epoxy-amine network. The use of imidazolium-based ILs contributed to a significant improvement in thermomechanical properties of hybrids and reduced their UV absorption ability compared to that of the reference matrix. All hybrids exhibited an increase in energy to break (up to similar to 53%), elongation at break (up to similar to 3%), shear storage modulus in the rubbery region (up to 4 times), and thermo-oxidative stability. detected silica (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/50259-8 - Grafeno: fotônica e opto-eletrônica: colaboração UPM-NUS
Beneficiário:Antônio Hélio de Castro Neto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa SPEC