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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Assessment of Atmospheric Correction Methods for Sentinel-2 MSI Images Applied to Amazon Floodplain Lakes

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Autor(es):
Martins, Vitor Souza ; Faria Barbosa, Claudio Clemente ; Sander de Carvalho, Lino Augusto ; Ferreira Jorge, Daniel Schaffer ; Lobo, Felipe de Lucia ; Leao de Moraes Novo, Evlyn Marcia
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: REMOTE SENSING; v. 9, n. 4 APR 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 45
Resumo

Satellite data provide the only viable means for extensive monitoring of remote and large freshwater systems, such as the Amazon floodplain lakes. However, an accurate atmospheric correction is required to retrieve water constituents based on surface water reflectance (R-W). In this paper, we assessed three atmospheric correction methods (Second Simulation of a Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum (6SV), ACOLITE and Sen2Cor) applied to an image acquired by the MultiSpectral Instrument (MSI) on-board of the European Space Agency's Sentinel-2A platform using concurrent in-situ measurements over four Amazon floodplain lakes in Brazil. In addition, we evaluated the correction of forest adjacency effects based on the linear spectral unmixing model, and performed a temporal evaluation of atmospheric constituents from Multi-Angle Implementation of Atmospheric Correction (MAIAC) products. The validation of MAIAC aerosol optical depth (AOD) indicated satisfactory retrievals over the Amazon region, with a correlation coefficient (R) of similar to 0.7 and 0.85 for Terra and Aqua products, respectively. The seasonal distribution of the cloud cover and AOD revealed a contrast between the first and second half of the year in the study area. Furthermore, simulation of top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reflectance showed a critical contribution of atmospheric effects (>50%) to all spectral bands, especially the deep blue (92%-96%) and blue (84%-92%) bands. The atmospheric correction results of the visible bands illustrate the limitation of the methods over dark lakes (R-W < 1%), and better match of the R-W shape compared with in-situ measurements over turbid lakes, although the accuracy varied depending on the spectral bands and methods. Particularly above 705 nm, R-W was highly affected by Amazon forest adjacency, and the proposed adjacency effect correction minimized the spectral distortions in R-W (RMSE < 0.006). Finally, an extensive validation of the methods is required for distinct inland water types and atmospheric conditions. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/23903-9 - Caracterização bio-óptica espaço-temporal e desenvolvimento de algoritmos analíticos para o monitoramento sistemático das massas de água que circulam pela planície de inundação do médio e baixo Amazonas
Beneficiário:Cláudio Clemente Faria Barbosa
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular