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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Bioethanol strains of Saccharomyces cereuisiae characterised by microsatellite and stress resistance

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Autor(es):
Reis, Vanda Renata ; Burlamaqui Faraco Antonangelo, Ana Teresa ; Guarnieri Bassi, Ana Paula ; Colombi, Debora ; Ceccato-Antonini, Sandra Regina
Número total de Autores: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology; v. 48, n. 2, p. 268-274, APR-JUN 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Strains of Saccharomyces cereoisiae may display characteristics that are typical of rough-type colonies, made up of cells clustered in pseudohyphal structures and comprised of daughter buds that do not separate from the mother cell post-mitosis. These strains are known to occur frequently in fermentation tanks with significant lower ethanol yield when compared to fermentations carried out by smooth strains of S. cereoisiae that are composed of dispersed cells. In an attempt to delineate genetic and phenotypic differences underlying the two phenotypes, this study analysed 10 microsatellite loci of 22 S. cereu isiae strains as well as stress resistance towards high concentrations of ethanol and glucose, low pH and cell sedimentation rates. The results obtained from the phenotypic tests by Principal-Component Analysis revealed that unlike the smooth colonies, the rough colonies of S. cereu isiae exhibit an enhanced resistance to stressful conditions resulting from the presence of excessive glucose and ethanol and high sedimentation rate. The microsatellite analysis was not successful to distinguish between the colony phenotypes as phenotypic assays. The relevant industrial strain PE-2 was observed in close genetic proximity to rough-colony although it does not display this colony morphology. A unique genetic pattern specific to a particular phenotype remains elusive. (C) 2016 Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/14617-4 - Caracterização morfológica, fisiológica e genética de leveduras contaminantes da fermentação alcoólica e avaliação do seu potencial competitivo com base na resistência aos fatores estressantes do processo fermentativo
Beneficiário:Sandra Regina Ceccato Antonini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular