Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The effects of land use at different spatial scales on instream features in agricultural streams

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Molina, Mariana C. ; Roa-Fuentes, Camilo A. ; Zeni, Jaquelini O. ; Casatti, Lilian
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: LIMNOLOGICA; v. 65, p. 14-21, JUL 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

The conversion of forests into agriculture has been identified as a key process for stream homogenization. However, the effects of this conversion can be scale-dependent. In this context, our aim was to identify the influence of different land uses at different spatial scales (catchment, drainage network and local) on instream features in agricultural streams. We defined six classes of land use: native forest, reforestation, herbaceous and shrubs, pasture, sugarcane and other categories. We obtained 22 variables related to instream, riparian area, stream morphology and water physicochemical characteristics in 86 stream reaches. To identify and isolate the effect of different land uses at different spatial scales on instream features, we performed a partial redundancy analysis (p-RDA). Different land uses and scales influenced instream features and defined two stream groups: (i) homogeneous streams with a higher proportion of sand substrate and instream grasses that were associated with the proportion of herbaceous vegetation at the local scale and with pasture at all scales and (ii) heterogeneous streams with a higher physical habitat integrity associated with the proportion of forest and sugarcane at the local and catchment scales. Land use at the catchment scale affected the physicochemical water properties and stream morphology, whereas stream physical habitat (i.e., substrate, instream cover, marginal vegetation and stream physical habitat condition) was mainly influenced by land use at the local scale (i.e., 150 m radius). Pure catchment, drainage network and local land uses explained 9%, 7% and 4%, respectively, of the total variation of instream features. Thus, to be most effective, stream conservation and restoration efforts should not be limited to only one scale. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/05983-0 - Diversidade taxonômica e funcional da ictiofauna de riachos em diferentes agrossistemas no Estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Lilian Casatti
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/20280-5 - Mudanças da paisagem em médio prazo: reflexos para a composição, estrutura trófica e diversidade funcional da ictiofauna em riachos tropicais
Beneficiário:Jaquelini de Oliveira Zeni
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado