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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

High-performance activated carbon from polyaniline for capacitive deionization

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Autor(es):
Zornitta, Rafael L. ; Garcia-Mateos, Francisco J. ; Lado, Julio J. ; Rodriguez-Mirasol, Jose ; Cordero, Tomas ; Hammer, Peter ; Ruotolo, Luis A. M.
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Carbon; v. 123, p. 318-333, OCT 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 34
Resumo

Activated carbons prepared using polyaniline (PAni), a N-containing precursor, doped with different anions were successfully employed in this work as electrode materials for capacitive deionization. The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of chloride (Cl-), p-toluenesulfonate (PTS-), dodecylbenze-sulfonate (DBS-) and polystirenesulfonate (PSS-) as PAni dopants on the textural and electrochemical properties of PAni activate carbon (PAC) and evaluate their performance for desalination. It was demonstrated that textural PAC properties such as microporosity could be properly tuned, resulting in a suitable proportion of micro-and mesoporosity by using different doping anions. Furthermore, it was observed that the higher the oxygen content the higher the electrode hidrophilicity due to introduction of surface polar groups, as identified by XPS. These groups were found to be the most important variable influencing on the PAC electrosorption capacity and energy efficiency. The highest specific adsorption capacity (14.9 mg g(-1)), along with the lowest specific energy consumption, was obtained using the PTS-doped PAC electrode. Considering its high capacity, low-cost and ease of synthesis, PAC/PTS seems to be a promising electrode for CDI. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/26593-3 - Dessalinização por deionização capacitiva: desenvolvimento de eletrodos e otimização do processo
Beneficiário:Rafael Linzmeyer Zornitta
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/16107-4 - Dessalinização por deionização capacitiva: desenvolvimento de novos eletrodos e otimização do processo
Beneficiário:Luis Augusto Martins Ruotolo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular