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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Cyclohexene-fused 1,3-oxazines with selective antibacterial and antiparasitic action and low cytotoxic effects

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de Brito, Maria R. M. ; Pelaez, Walter J. ; Faillace, Martin S. ; Militao, Gardenia C. G. ; Almeida, Jackson R. G. S. ; Arguello, Gustavo A. ; Szakonyi, Zsolt ; Fulop, Ferenc ; Salvadori, Maria C. ; Teixeira, Fernanda S. ; Freitas, Rivelilson M. ; Pinto, Pedro L. S. ; Mengarda, Ana C. ; Silva, Marcos P. N. ; Da Silva Filho, Ademar A. ; de Moraes, Josue
Número total de Autores: 16
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: TOXICOLOGY IN VITRO; v. 44, p. 273-279, OCT 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 12
Resumo

Oxazine derivatives, a class of heterocyclic compounds, exhibit a variety of biological properties, such as anticonvulsant and antitumor activities. In this study, we evaluated the effect of two cyclohexene-fused 1,3-oxazines (cis-1-benzyl-N-phenyl-1,4,4a,5,8,8a-hexahydro-3,1-benzoxazin-2-imine (1) and trans-N-phenyl-1,4,4a,5,8,8a-hexahydro-3,1-benzoxazin-2-imine (2)) in cultures of Bacillus cereus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coil, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Salmonella enterica, Serratia marcescens, Shigella flexneri and Staphylococcus aureus by the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC). Additionally, the ex vivo antiparasitic activity of oxazines was assessed against Schistosoma mansoni, a helminth that is one of the major agents of the disease schistosomiasis Also, oxazines were evaluated on three tumor cell lines, NCI-H292 (human lung carcinoma), MCF-7 (human breast adenocarcidoma) and HEp-2 (human cervix carcinoma), and two normal cell lines (Vero and red blood cells). Bioassays revealed that oxazine 2 is more effective against bacteria than oxazine 1, with the lowest MIC and MBC values of 3.91 and 32.5 mu g/mL, respectively. Similarly, compound 2 demonstrated higher antiparasitic activity than 1, and scanning electron microscopy analysis showed several morphological alterations in the tegument of worms in a concentration dependent manner. In contrast, both oxazines exhibited low cytotoxic effects on cancer and normal cell lines. These results indicated that oxazines exerted direct effects on bacteria and parasite schistosomes. More importantly, since schistosomiasis control programs rely on one drug, praziquantel, oxazines may have the potential to become new antischistosomal agents. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/22488-3 - Reposicionamento de fármacos para doenças negligenciadas: identificação de novos agentes anti-helmínticos
Beneficiário:Josué de Moraes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular