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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Time-course effects of aerobic physical training in the prevention of cigarette smoke-induced COPD

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Autor(es):
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Toledo-Arruda, Alessandra C. [1] ; Vieira, Rodolfo P. [2, 3] ; Guarnier, Flavia A. [4] ; Suehiro, Camila L. [1] ; Caleman-Neto, Agostinho [1] ; Olivo, Clarice R. [1] ; Arantes, Petra M. M. [1] ; Almeida, Francine M. [1] ; Lopes, Fernanda D. T. Q. S. [1] ; Ramos, Ercy M. C. [5] ; Cecchini, Rubens [4] ; Lin, Chin Jia [6] ; Martins, Milton Arruda [1]
Número total de Autores: 13
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Clin Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Nove de Julho Univ, Lab Pulm & Exercise Immunol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Brasil, Sch Med Sci Humanitas, Brazilian Inst Teaching & Res Pulm & Exercise Imm, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Londrina, Dept Pathol, Londrina - Brazil
[5] State Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Physiotherapy, Presidente Prudente - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Pathol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Applied Physiology; v. 123, n. 3, p. 674-683, SEP 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

A previous study by our group showed that regular exercise training (ET) attenuated pulmonary injury in an experimental model of chronic exposure to cigarette smoke (CS) in mice, but the time-course effects of the mechanisms involved in this protection remain poorly understood. We evaluated the temporal effects of regular ET in an experimental model of chronic CS exposure. Male C57BL/6 mice were divided into four groups: Control (sedentary + air), Exercise (aerobic training + air), Smoke (sedentary + smoke), and Smoke + Exercise (aerobic training + smoke). Mice were exposed to CS and ET for 4, 8, or 12 wk. Exercise protected mice exposed to CS from emphysema and reductions in tissue damping and tissue elastance after 12 wk (P < 0.01). The total number of inflammatory cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage increased in the Smoke group, mainly due to the recruitment of macrophages after 4 wk, neutrophils and lymphocytes after 8 wk, and lymphocytes and macrophages after 12 wk (P < 0.01). Exercise attenuated this increase in mice exposed to CS. The protection conferred by exercise was mainly observed after exercise adaptation. Exercise increased IL-6 and IL-10 in the quadriceps and lungs (P < 0.05) after 12 wk. Total antioxidant capacity and SOD was increased and TNF-alpha and oxidants decreased in lungs of mice exposed to CS after 12 wk (P < 0.05). The protective effects of exercise against lung injury induced by cigarette smoke exposure suggests that anti-inflammatory mediators and antioxidant enzymes play important roles in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease development mainly after the exercise adaptation. NEW \& NOTEWORTHY These experiments investigated for the first time the temporal effects of regular moderate exercise training in cigarette smoke-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We demonstrate that aerobic conditioning had a protective effect in emphysema development induced by cigarette smoke exposure. This effect was most likely secondary to an effect of exercise on oxidant-antioxidant balance and anti-inflammatory mediators. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/53904-9 - Efeitos do ambiente e do estilo de vida sobre a asma e a doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica: estudos experimentais e clínicos
Beneficiário:Milton de Arruda Martins
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 12/15165-2 - Papel da sinalização purinérgica e da sinalização SOCS-JAK-STAT nos efeitos antiinflamatórios do treinamento aeróbio em modelos experimentais de asma e em indivíduos asmáticos
Beneficiário:Rodolfo de Paula Vieira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 12/09932-0 - Efeitos do exercício físico aeróbio regular em camundongos submetidos à exposição de fumaça de cigarro: perfil temporal da resposta inflamatória e de estresse oxidativo
Beneficiário:Alessandra Choqueta de Toledo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado