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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Optimizing packing of live seahorses for shipping

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Autor(es):
Cohen, Felipe P. A. [1, 2] ; Planas, Miquel [3] ; Valenti, Wagner C. [1, 2] ; Lillebo, Ana [4, 5] ; Calado, Ricardo [4, 5]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Ctr Aquicultura CAUNESP, Via Acesso Prof Paulo Donato Castellane S-N, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Campus Litoral Paulista, BR-11330900 Sao Vicente, SP - Brazil
[3] CSIC, Inst Invest Marinas, Eduardo Cabello 6, Vigo 36208 - Spain
[4] Univ Aveiro, Dept Biol, Campus Univ Santiago, P-3810193 Aveiro - Portugal
[5] Univ Aveiro, CESAM, Campus Univ Santiago, P-3810193 Aveiro - Portugal
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Aquaculture; v. 482, p. 57-64, JAN 1 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

The packing and shipping of live marine organisms always poses a potential risk to their survival and well-being, with the costs associated with these practices being paramount for marine ornamental species value chains. The present study describes two experiments employing the longsnout seahorse Hippocampus reidi (similar to 80 mm) as a model seahorse species to optimize its packing methods for live shipping. The first experiment evaluated the combined effect of seahorse density (1 ind. per 300 mL, 1 ind. per 450 mL and 1 ind. per 600 mL), transit time (24 vs. 48 h), and use of an oxygen saturated atmosphere for packing (pure oxygen vs. compressed air). The second one evaluated the combined effect of water salinity (15, 25, and 35) and use of a substrate for packed specimens to hold onto it, at a density of 1 ind. per 300 mL. Survival was 100% in all treatments in both experiments up to 48 h after shipping, with similar to 90% of seahorses displaying a normal feeding behaviour immediately post-transportation. In the first experiment, no significant differences were found (P > 0.05) in weight-specific total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) excreted in all treatments within the same transit time. At the end of the transit time, treatments with an oxygen saturated atmosphere displayed an oversaturation in dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations, whereas those employing compressed air for 48 h ended the experimental trial with a DO concentration above 80%. Water with a salinity of 15 promoted a significantly (P < 0.05) lower decrease in pH, followed by water at a salinity of 25 and 35. The lower salinity employed may have reduced breathing frequency of seahorses during transport. The presence of a substrate significantly (P < 0.05) decreased weight-specific TAN excreted, possibly due to stress reduction. Overall, H. reidi can be packed at a density as low as 1 ind. per 300 mL for up to 48 h, with the use of pure oxygen not being mandatory. Lower salinities and the use of substrate can enhance seahorse welfare when these are shipped over longer transit times without representing additional significant costs. Overall, the findings of the present study may allow traders to ship 3 times more live seahorses than they currently do without negatively impacting their welfare neither increasing associated shipping costs. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/22260-4 - Cultivo de cavalo-marinho em tanques-rede como alternativa comercial para comunidades litorâneas de baixa renda
Beneficiário:Felipe Pereira de Almeida Cohen
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/18050-0 - Análise do perfil de comunidade bacteriana associada ao muco como método de rastreabilidade para cavalos-marinhos
Beneficiário:Felipe Pereira de Almeida Cohen
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado