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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Simultaneous analysis of electrosorption capacity and kinetics for CDI desalination using different electrode configurations

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Zornitta, Rafael L. [1] ; Ruotolo, Luis A. M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem Engn, Rod Washington Luiz Km 235, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL; v. 332, p. 33-41, JAN 15 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 22
Resumo

Capacitive deionization (CDI) offers an affordable technology for the reduction of salt concentrations in brackish water. However, there are still drawbacks concerning electrode capacity and energy consumption, compared to other well-established technologies such as reverse osmosis or electrodialysis. This study investigates high-adsorption electrodes based on polyaniline-activated carbon, applying different configurations (symmetric and asymmetric electrodes, and membrane CDI) to optimize electrosorption capacity and energy consumption. A new approach called OSR (optimized salt removal) is proposed, based on simultaneous analysis of the electrosorption capacity and the adsorption/desorption kinetics. This technique was used to evaluate different electrode configurations. The best performance was obtained using MCDI, which improved the electrode capacity from 14.9 to 20.0 mg g(-1), while reducing the specific energy consumption by 21%. It was demonstrated that the performance of the electrode depended on both the specific adsorption capacity (SAC) and the electrosorption/desorption kinetics. Fitting the electrosorption and desorption curves using a pseudo-first order kinetic model and applying the OSR method showed that the best desalination was achieved using MCDI at 1.2 V. This configuration did not present the highest SAC or the fastest electrosorption/desorption kinetics, but a good balance was obtained between these two variables. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/26593-3 - Dessalinização por deionização capacitiva: desenvolvimento de eletrodos e otimização do processo
Beneficiário:Rafael Linzmeyer Zornitta
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/16107-4 - Dessalinização por deionização capacitiva: desenvolvimento de novos eletrodos e otimização do processo
Beneficiário:Luis Augusto Martins Ruotolo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular