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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Analysis of the Salivary Gland Transcriptome of Unfed and Partially Fed Amblyomma sculptum Ticks and Descriptive Proteome of the Saliva

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Autor(es):
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Esteves, Eliane [1] ; Maruyama, Sandra R. [2] ; Kawahara, Rebeca [3] ; Fujita, Andre [4] ; Martins, Larissa A. [3] ; Righi, Adne A. [3] ; Costa, Francisco B. [5] ; Palmisano, Giuseppe [3] ; Labruna, Marcelo B. [5] ; Sa-Nunes, Anderson [1] ; Ribeiro, Jose M. C. [6] ; Fogaca, Andrea C. [3]
Número total de Autores: 12
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Ciencias Biomed, Dept Imunol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Genet & Evolucao, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Ciencias Biomed, Dept Parasitol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Matemat & Estat, Dept Ciencia Comp, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Med Vet Prevent & Saude Anim, Fac Med Vet & Zootecnia, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] NIAID, Lab Malaria & Vector Res, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN CELLULAR AND INFECTION MICROBIOLOGY; v. 7, NOV 21 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 11
Resumo

Ticks are obligate blood feeding ectoparasites that transmit a wide variety of pathogenic microorganisms to their vertebrate hosts. Amblyomma sculptum is vector of Rickettsia rickettsii, the causative agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), the most lethal rickettsiosis that affects humans. It is known that the transmission of pathogens by ticks is mainly associated with the physiology of the feeding process. Pathogens that are acquired with the blood meal must first colonize the tick gut and later the salivary glands (SG) in order to be transmitted during a subsequent blood feeding via saliva. Tick saliva contains a complex mixture of bioactive molecules with anticlotting, antiplatelet aggregation, vasodilatory, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory properties to counteract both the hemostasis and defensemechanisms of the host. Besides facilitating tick feeding, the properties of saliva may also benefits survival and establishment of pathogens in the host. In the current study, we compared the sialotranscriptome of unfed A. sculptum ticks and those fed for 72 h on rabbits using next generation RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). The total of reads obtained were assembled in 9,560 coding sequences (CDSs) distributed in different functional classes. CDSs encoding secreted proteins, including lipocalins, mucins, protease inhibitors, glycine-rich proteins, metalloproteases, 8.9 kDa superfamily members, and immunity-related proteins were mostly upregulated by blood feeding. Selected CDSs were analyzed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction preceded by reverse transcription (RT-qPCR), corroborating the transcriptional profile obtained by RNA-seq. Finally, high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis revealed 124 proteins in saliva of ticks fed for 96-120 h. The corresponding CDSs of 59 of these proteins were upregulated in SG of fed ticks. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the proteome of A. sculptum saliva. The functional characterization of the identified proteins might reveal potential targets to develop vaccines for tick control and/or blocking of R. rickettsii transmission as well as pharmacological bioproducts with antihemostatic, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activities. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/26450-2 - Caracterização molecular das interações entre carrapatos, riquétsias e hospedeiros vertebrados
Beneficiário:Sirlei Daffre
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 14/11513-1 - Determinação do proteoma e do lipidoma diferencial de carrapatos Amblyomma aureolatum em resposta à infecção por Rickettsia rickettsii
Beneficiário:Andréa Cristina Fogaça
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular