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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects of single and multiple herbivory by host and non-host caterpillars on the attractiveness of herbivore-induced volatiles of sugarcane to the generalist parasitoid Cotesia flavipes

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Penaflor, Maria Fernanda G. V. [1, 2] ; Goncalves, Felipe G. [1] ; Colepicolo, Camila [1] ; Sanches, Patricia A. [1] ; Bento, Jose Mauricio S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr ESALQ USP, Dept Entomol & Acarol, Ave Padua Dias 11, POB 9, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ Lavras UFLA, Dept Entomol, POB 3037, BR-37200000 Lavras, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata; v. 165, n. 1, p. 83-93, OCT 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

It is well known that parasitoids are attracted to volatiles emitted by host-damaged plants; however, this tritrophic interaction may change if plants are attacked by more than one herbivore species. The larval parasitoid Cotesia flavipesCameron (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) has been used intensively in Brazil to control the sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalisFabricius (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in sugarcane crops, where Spodoptera frugiperda (JE Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), a non-stemborer lepidopteran, is also a pest. Here, we investigated the ability of C.flavipes to discriminate between an unsuitable host (S.frugiperda) and a suitable host (D.saccharalis) based on herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPVs) emitted by sugarcane, and whether multiple herbivory (D.saccharalis feeding on stalk+S.frugiperda feeding on leaves) in sugarcane affected the attractiveness of HIPVs to C.flavipes. Olfactometer assays indicated that volatiles of host and non-host-damaged plants were attractive to C.flavipes. Even though host- and non-host-damaged plants emitted considerably different volatile blends, neither naive nor experienced wasps discriminated suitable and unsuitable hosts by means of HIPVs emitted by sugarcane. With regard to multiple herbivory, wasps innately preferred the odor blend emitted by sugarcane upon non-host+host herbivory over host-only damaged plants. Multiple herbivory caused a suppression of some volatiles relative to non-host-damaged sugarcane that may have resulted from the unaltered levels of jasmonic acid in host-damaged plants, or from reduced palatability of host-damaged plants to S.frugiperda. In conclusion, our study showed that C.flavipes responds to a wide range of plant volatile blends, and does not discriminate host from non-host and non-stemborer caterpillars based on HIPVs emitted from sugarcane. Moreover, we showed that multiple herbivory by the sugarcane borer and fall armyworm increases the attractiveness of sugarcane plants to the parasitoids. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/12252-1 - Efeito da herbivoria múltipla e da infecção pela podridão vermelha nos mecanismos de resistência induzida da cana-de-açúcar
Beneficiário:Maria Fernanda Gomes Villalba Peñaflor
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/05367-0 - Defesas induzidas da cana-de-açúcar contra o ataque múltiplo e a herbivoria radicular
Beneficiário:José Maurício Simões Bento
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/11993-0 - Efeito do ácido jasmônico nas defesas induzidas da cana-de-açúcar contra a herbivoria de Diatraea saccharalis Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
Beneficiário:Patricia Alessandra Sanches
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 08/57701-2 - Bases tecnológicas para identificação, síntese e uso de semioquímicos na agricultura
Beneficiário:José Roberto Postali Parra
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático