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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Increased Root Canal Endotoxin Levels are Associated with Chronic Apical Periodontitis, Increased Oxidative and Nitrosative Stress, Major Depression, Severity of Depression, and a Lowered Quality of Life

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Autor(es):
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Gomes, Cinthya [1] ; Martinho, Frederico Canato [2] ; Barbosa, Decio Sabbatini [3] ; Antunes, Leonardo Santos [1] ; Correa Povoa, Helvecio Cardoso [4] ; Leal Baltus, Thiago Hissnauer [3] ; Morelli, Nayara Rampazzo [3] ; Vargas, Heber Odebrecht [5] ; Vargas Nunes, Sandra Odebrecht [3] ; Anderson, George [6] ; Maes, Michael [3, 7, 8, 9, 10]
Número total de Autores: 11
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UFF Fed Fluminense Univ, Inst Hlth, Sch Dent, Dept Specif Format, Nova Friburgo, RJ - Brazil
[2] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Sci & Technol, Endodont Div, Dept Restorat Dent, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[3] State Univ Londrina UEL, Grad Programin Hlth Sci, Londrina, Parana - Brazil
[4] UFF Univ Fed Fluminense, Inst Hlth, Dept Basic Sci, Nova Friburgo, RJ - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Londrina, Dept Psychiat, Hlth Sci Ctr, Londrina - Brazil
[6] CRC, Edinburgh, Midlothian - Scotland
[7] Chulalongkorn Univ, Dept Psychiat, Fac Med, Bangkok - Thailand
[8] Med Univ Plovdiv, Dept Psychiat, Plovdiv - Bulgaria
[9] Revitalis, Waalre - Netherlands
[10] Deakin Univ, IMPACT Strateg Res Ctr, Barwon Hlth, Geelong, Vic - Australia
Número total de Afiliações: 10
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Molecular Neurobiology; v. 55, n. 4, p. 2814-2827, APR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 17
Resumo

Evidence indicates that major depression is accompanied by increased translocation of gut commensal Gram-negative bacteria (leaky gut) and consequent activation of oxidative and nitrosative (O\&NS) pathways. This present study examined the associations among chronic apical periodontitis (CAP), root canal endotoxin levels (lipopolysaccharides, LPS), O\&NS pathways, depressive symptoms, and quality of life. Measurements included advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), nitric oxide metabolites (NOx), lipid peroxides (LOOH), -sulfhydryl (SH) groups, total radical trapping antioxidant parameter (TRAP), and paraoxonase (PON)1 activity in participants with CAP, with and without depression, as well as healthy controls (no depression, no CAP). Root canal LPS levels were positively associated with CAP, clinical depression, severity of depression (as measured with the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) and the Beck Depression Inventory) and O\&NS biomarkers, especially NOx and TRAP. CAP-related depression was accompanied by increased levels of NOx, LOOH, AOPP, and TRAP. In CAP participants, there was a strong correlation (r = 0.734, p < 0.001) between root canal LPS and the HDRS score. There were significant and positive associations between CAP or root canal endotoxin with the vegetative and physio-somatic symptoms of the HDRS as well as a significant inverse association between root canal endotoxin and quality of life with strong effects on psychological, environmental, and social domains. It is concluded that increased root canal LPS accompanying CAP may cause depression and a lowered quality of life, which may be partly explained by activated O\&NS pathways, especially NOx thereby enhancing hypernitrosylation and thus neuroprogressive processes. Dental health and ``leaky teeth{''} may be intimately linked to the etiology and course of depression, while significantly impacting quality of life. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/03696-1 - Monitoramento microbiológico, de endotoxinas e de biomarcadores marcadores inflamatórios presentes na cavidade oral e no lavado broncoalveolar de pacientes sob ventilação mecânica invasiva
Beneficiário:Frederico Canato Martinho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular