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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Water/Alcohol Separation in Graphene Oxide Membranes: Insights from Molecular Dynamics and Monte Carlo Simulations

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Autor(es):
Borges, Daiane Damasceno [1, 2] ; Woellner, Cristiano F. [1, 2] ; Autreto, Pedro A. S. [3] ; Galvao, Douglas S. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Ctr Computat Engn & Sci, BR-13083959 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Dept Appl Phys, BR-13083959 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Fed Univ ABC UFABC, Ctr Nat & Human Sci, BR-09210580 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: MRS ADVANCES; v. 3, n. 1-2, p. 109-114, 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Graphene-based membranes have been investigated as promising candidates for water filtration and gas separation applications. Experimental evidences have shown that graphene oxide can be impermeable to liquids, vapors and gases, while allowing a fast permeation of water molecules. This phenomenon has been attributed to the formation of a network of nano capillaries that allow nearly frictionless water flow while blocking other molecules by steric hindrance effects. It is supposed that water molecules are transported through the percolated two-dimensional channels formed between graphene-based sheets. Although these channels allow fast water permeation in such materials, the flow rates are strongly dependent on how the membranes are fabricated. Also, some fundamental issues regarding the nanoscale mechanisms of water permeation are still not fully understood and their interpretation remains controversial. In this work, we have investigated the dynamics of water permeation through pristine graphene and graphene oxide model membranes that have strong impact on water/alcohol separation. We have carried out fully atomistic classical molecular dynamics simulations of systems composed of multiple layered graphene-based sheets into contact with a pure water reservoir under controlled thermodynamics conditions (e.g., by varying temperature and pressure values). We have systematically analysed how the transport dynamics of the confined nanofluids depend on the interlayer distances and the role of the oxide functional groups. Our results show the water flux is much more effective for graphene than for graphene oxide membranes. These results can be attributed to the H-bonds formation between oxide functional groups and water, which traps the water molecules and precludes ultrafast water transport through the nanochannels. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/12340-9 - Propriedades estruturais e mecânicas de espumas baseadas no carbono
Beneficiário:Cristiano Francisco Woellner
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/08293-7 - CECC - Centro de Engenharia e Ciências Computacionais
Beneficiário:Munir Salomao Skaf
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 15/14703-9 - Investigação teórica de propriedades estruturais e mecânicas de MOFs (metal-organic frameworks)
Beneficiário:Daiane Damasceno Borges
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado