Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Assessment of crop-management strategies to improve soybean resilience to climate change in Southern Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Battisti, Rafael [1] ; Sentelhas, Paulo C. [2] ; Parker, Phillip S. [3] ; Nendel, Claas [3] ; Camara, Gil M. De S. [4] ; Farias, Jose R. B. [5] ; Basso, Claudir J. [6]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Goias, Coll Agron, Ave Esperanca, BR-74690900 Goiania, Go - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Dept Biosyst Engn, Ave Padua Dias, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Leibniz Ctr Agr Landscape Res ZALF, Eberswalder Str, D-15374 Muncheberg - Germany
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Plant Prod, ESALQ, Ave Padua Dias, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[5] EMBRAPA, Natl Soybean Res Ctr, Caixa Postal 231, BR-86001970 Londrina, PR - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Santa Maria, Dept Agr & Environm Sci, Linha 7 Setembro, BR-98400000 Frederico Westphalen, RS - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CROP & PASTURE SCIENCE; v. 69, n. 2, p. 154-162, 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Management is the most important handle to improve crop yield and resilience under climate change. The aim of this study was to evaluate how irrigation, sowing date, cultivar maturity group and planting density can contribute for increasing the resilience of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) under future climate in southern Brazil. Five sites were selected to represent the range of Brazilian production systems typical for soybean cultivation. Yields were obtained from a crop-model ensemble (CROPGRO, APSIM and MONICA). Three climate scenarios were evaluated: baseline (1961-2014), and two future climate scenarios for the mid-century (2041-70) with low (+2.2 degrees C, A1BLs) and high (+3.2 degrees C, A1BHs) deltas for air temperature and with atmospheric {[}CO2] of 600ppm. Supplementary irrigation resulted in higher and more stable yields, with gains in relation to a rainfed crop of 543, 719, 758kg ha(-1), respectively, for baseline, A1BLs and A1BHs. For sowing date, the tendencies were similar between climate scenarios, with higher yields when soybean was sown on 15 October for each simulated growing season. Cultivar maturity group 7.8 and a plant density of 50plantsm(-2) resulted in higher yields in all climate scenarios. The best crop-management strategies showed similar tendency for all climate scenarios in Southern Brazil. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/05306-0 - Mudanças climáticas: impactos na produtividade e adaptações necessárias ao cultivo da soja na região Centro-Sul do Brasil
Beneficiário:Rafael Battisti
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado