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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

P2X7 purinergic receptors participate in the expression and extinction processes of contextual fear conditioning memory in mice

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Domingos, L. B. [1] ; Hot, S. C. [1] ; Terzian, A. L. B. [1] ; Resstel, L. B. M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Pharmacol, 3900 Bandeirantes Ave, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Neuropharmacology; v. 128, p. 474-481, JAN 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

The purinergic system consists of two large receptor families - P2X and P2Y. Both are activated by adenosine triphosphate (ATP), although presenting different functions. These receptors are present in several brain regions, including those involved in emotion and stress-related behaviors. Hence, they seem to participate in fear- and anxiety-related responses. However, few studies have investigated the purinergic system in threatening situations, as observed in contextual fear conditioning (CFC). Therefore, this study investigated the involvement of purinergic receptors in the expression and extinction of aversive memories. C57B1/6 background mice were submitted to the CFC protocol. Wildtype (WT) mice received i.p. injection of either a nonselective P2 receptor (P2R) antagonist, P178 (10 or 30 mg/kg); a selective P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) antagonist, A438079 (10 mg/kg); a selective P2Y1 receptor (P2Y1R) antagonist, MRS2179 (10 mg/kg); or vehicle 10 min prior to or immediately after the extinction session. Additionally, P2X7R KO mice were tested in the CFC protocol. After P2R antagonist treatment, contextual fear recall increased, while acquisition of extinction was impaired. Similar results were observed with the selective P2X7R antagonist, but not with the selective P2Y1R antagonist. Interestingly, P2X7R 1(0 mice showed increased contextual fear recall, associated with impaired acquisition of extinction, in accordance with pharmacologic P2X7R antagonism. Our results suggest that specific pharmacological or genetic blockade of P2X7R promotes anxiogenic-like effects, along with deficits in extinction learning. Thus, these receptors could present an alternative treatment of stress-related psychiatric disorders. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/08674-0 - Participação dos receptores purinérgicos nos processos de expressão, reconsolidação e extinção da memória contextual condicionada de camundongos.
Beneficiário:Luana Barreto Domingos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 14/22604-8 - Participação dos receptores TRPV1 na modulação de respostas aversivas e comportamento social em roedores: bases celulares e moleculares do comportamento aprendido
Beneficiário:Ana Luisa Bernardes Terzian
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado