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Lack of evidence of edge age and additive edge effects on carbon stocks in a tropical forest

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d'Albertas, Francisco [1] ; Costa, Karine [1] ; Romitelli, Isabella [1] ; Barbosa, Jomar Magalhaes [2] ; Vieira, Simone Aparecida [3] ; Metzger, Jean Paul [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Ecol Paisagem & Conservacao, Dept Ecol, Inst Biociencias, Rua Matao 321, Travessa 14, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Miguel Hernandez Univ, Dept Appl Biol, Elche - Spain
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Nucleo Estudos & Pesquisas Ambientais NEPAM, Rua Flamboyants, 155 Cidade Univ, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT; v. 407, p. 57-65, JAN 1 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0

Despite the importance of tropical forest fragmentation on carbon balance, most of our knowledge comes from few sites in the Amazon and disregard long-term underlying processes related to landscape configuration. Accurate estimation of fragmentation effects should account for additive edge effects and edge age. Here we investigated those effects on C stock and forest structure (density, height, basal area) in fragments (13 to 362 ha) of forest with >= 70 years old, surrounded by pasture, in the Brazilian Atlantic forest region. We measured 5297 stems sampled in four categories replicated in eight fragments: fragment interiors (> 110 m from edges); old (> 50 years) corner edges (< 50 m); old straight edges; and new (ca. 44 years) straight edges. Aboveground biomass was estimated from tree height and diameter at breast height, and converted to carbon. Carbon stock was highly variable between categories, scoring from 10.44 Mg ha(-1) up to 107.59 Mg ha(-1) (average of 41.27 +/- 23 Mg ha(-1)). Contrary to our expectations, interior plots did not have higher carbon stock, basal area or tree stem density than edges, but only taller trees. We found no significant effects of edge age or additive edge effects on carbon stocks. These results suggest that edge effects in the Atlantic rainforest may differ from those observed in more recently fragmented tropical forests, such as the Amazonian forest. We hypothesize that in heavily human-modified landscapes, more extensive edge effects combined with other human disturbances on tree mortality and carbon stock may contribute to overall high levels of degradation, reducing differences between edge and interior habitats. Existing models based on Amazonian forest data may underestimate the true impacts of fragmentation on carbon storage in landscapes with an old history of human disturbance. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/23457-6 - Projeto interface: relações entre estrutura da paisagem, processos ecológicos, biodiversidade e serviços ecossistêmicos
Beneficiário:Jean Paul Walter Metzger
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático