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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Molecular mechanisms underlying intraspecific variation in snake venom

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Autor(es):
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Amazonas, Diana R. [1] ; Portes-Junior, Jose A. [1] ; Nishiyama-Jr, Milton Y. ; Nicolau, Carolina A. [2] ; Chalkidis, Hipocrates M. [3] ; Mourao, V, Rosa H. ; Grazziotin, Felipe G. [4] ; Rokyta, Darin R. [5] ; Lisle Gibbs, H. [6] ; Valente, Richard H. [2] ; Junqueira-de-Azevedo, Inacio L. M. [7] ; Moura-da-Silva, Ana M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 12
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Butantan, Lab Imunopatol, Av Vital Brazil, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Lab Toxinol, Av Brasil 4365, BR-21040900 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Oeste Para UFOPA, Lab Bioprospeccao & Biol Expt, Programa Posgrad Recursos Nat Amazonia, Rua Vera Paz S-N, BR-68035110 Santarem, PA - Brazil
[4] Inst Butantan, Lab Especial Colecoes Zool, Av Vital Brazil 1500, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[5] Florida State Univ, Dept Biol Sci, B-157, Tallahassee, FL 32306 - USA
[6] Ohio State Univ, Dept Evolut Ecol & Organismal Biol, Columbus, OH 43210 - USA
[7] Nishiyama-Jr, Jr., Milton Y., Inst Butantan, Lab Especial Toxinol Aplicada, Av Vital Brazil 1500, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF PROTEOMICS; v. 181, p. 60-72, JUN 15 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 16
Resumo

Elucidating the molecular mechanisms underlying snake venom variability provides important clues for understanding how the biological functions of this powerful toxic arsenal evolve. We analyzed in detail individual transcripts and venom protein isoforms produced by five specimens of a venomous snake (Bothrops atrox) from two nearby but genetically distinct populations from the Brazilian Amazon rainforest which show functional similarities in venom properties. Individual variation was observed among the venoms of these specimens, but the overall abundance of each general toxin family was conserved both in transcript and in venom protein levels. However, when expression of independent paralogues was analyzed, remarkable differences were observed within and among each toxin group, both between individuals and between populations. Transcripts for functionally essential venom proteins ({''}core function{''} proteins) were highly expressed in all specimens and showed similar transcription/translation rates. In contrast, other paralogues ({''}adaptive{''} proteins) showed lower expression levels and the toxins they coded for varied among different individuals. These results provide support for the inferences that (a) expression and translational differences play a greater role in defining adaptive variation in venom phenotypes than does sequence variation in protein coding genes and (b) convergent adaptive venom phenotypes can be generated through different molecular mechanisms. Significance: Analysis of individual transcripts and venom protein isoforms produced by specimens of a venomous snake (Bothrops atrox), from the Brazilian Amazon rainforest, revealed that transcriptional and translational mechanisms contribute to venom phenotypic variation. Our finding of evidence for high expression of toxin proteins with conserved function supports the hypothesis that the venom phenotype consists of two kinds of proteins: conserved ``core function{''} proteins that provide essential functional activities with broader relevance and less conserved ``adaptive{''} proteins that vary in expression and may permit customization of protein function. These observations allowed us to suggest that genetic mechanisms controlling venom variability are not restricted to selection of gene copies or mutations in structural genes but also to selection of the mechanisms controlling gene expression, contributing to the plasticity of this important phenotype for venomous snakes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/50127-5 - Dimensions US-BIOTA São Paulo: scales of biodiversity: integrated studies of snake venom evolution and function across multiple levels of diversity
Beneficiário:Inácio de Loiola Meirelles Junqueira de Azevedo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 14/26058-8 - Inibição de metaloproteinases de mamíferos e de venenos de serpentes pelo pró-domínio recombinante da jararagina e seus fragmentos peptídicos
Beneficiário:Ana Maria Moura da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/16277-9 - Variabilidade na composição dos venenos botrópicos e implicações funcionais da presença de diferentes metaloproteinases na composição dos mesmos
Beneficiário:Ana Maria Moura da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular