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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Coenzyme Q10 or Creatine Counteract Pravastatin-Induced Liver Redox Changes in Hypercholesterolemic Mice

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Autor(es):
Marques, Ana C. [1] ; Busanello, Estela N. B. [1] ; de Oliveira, Diogo N. [1] ; Catharino, Rodrigo R. [1] ; Oliveira, Helena C. F. [2] ; Vercesi, Anibal E. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Patol Clin, Fac Ciencias Med, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Estrutural & Func, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN PHARMACOLOGY; v. 9, JUN 27 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

Statins are the preferred therapy to treat hypercholesterolemia. Their main action consists of inhibiting the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway. Previous studies report mitochondrial oxidative stress and membrane permeability transition (MPT) of several experimental models submitted to diverse statins treatments. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether chronic treatment with the hydrophilic pravastatin induces hepatotoxicity in LDL receptor knockout mice (LDLr-/-), a model for human familial hypercholesterolemia. We evaluated respiration and reactive oxygen production rates, cyclosporine-A sensitive mitochondrial calcium release, antioxidant enzyme activities in liver mitochondria or homogenates obtained from LDLr-/- mice treated with pravastatin for 3 months. We observed that pravastatin induced higher H2O2 production rate (40%), decreased activity of aconitase (28%), a superoxide-sensitive Krebs cycle enzyme, and increased susceptibility to Ca2+-induced MPT (32%) in liver mitochondria. Among several antioxidant enzymes, only glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity was increased (44%) in the liver of treated mice. Reduced glutathione content and reduced to oxidized glutathione ratio were increased in livers of pravastatin treated mice (1.5- and 2-fold, respectively). The presence of oxidized lipid species were detected in pravastatin group but protein oxidation markers (carbonyl and SH-groups) were not altered. Diet supplementation with the antioxidants CoQ10 or creatine fully reversed all pravastatin effects (reduced H2O2 generation, susceptibility to MPT and normalized aconitase and G6PD activity). Taken together, these results suggest that 1-pravastatin induces liver mitochondrial redox imbalance that may explain the hepatic side effects reported in a small number of patients, and 2- the co-treatment with safe antioxidants neutralize these side effects. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/07607-8 - CMPO - Centro Multidisciplinar de Pesquisa em Obesidade e Doenças Associadas
Beneficiário:Licio Augusto Velloso
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 17/17728-8 - Função e disfunção mitocondrial: implicações para o envelhecimento e doenças associadas
Beneficiário:Aníbal Eugênio Vercesi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/50400-0 - Metabolismo energético, estado redox e funcionalidade mitocondrial na morte celular e em desordens cardiometabólicas e neurodegenerativas
Beneficiário:Aníbal Eugênio Vercesi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático