International Journal of Biological Macromolecules;
JUL 15 2018.
Citações Web of Science:
In this work we synthesized an activated carbon/magnetite composite by a simple co-precipitation method. The activated carbon (AC) was synthesized from the solid waste obtained in the extraction process of the peroxidase enzyme and the magnetic composite was used as support for the immobilization of soybean peroxidase (SP). After the determination of the optimal immobilization parameters, a 100% yield was achieved under the following conditions: support:enzyme proportion of 1.0:0.05 g, equilibration time of 7 h, pH 3.0 (citrate buffer phosphate 0.1 mol L-1) and temperature of 50 degrees C. The determination of pH to the point of zero charge was also done to assist in the understanding of the immobilization process at different pH values. Several characterization techniques were used, such as thermogravimetric analysis, elemental analysis composition, X-ray powder diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and Scanning electron microscopy. The biocatalyst presented excellent operational stability and was reused for 11 consecutive cycles. The magnetic properties inserted in the AC contributed to the removal of the biocatalyst from the reaction medium without interfering in the adsorptive characteristics of the AC. Thus, the activated carbon/magnetite composite can be applied to different research fields with high performance. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)