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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Charge and Potential Balancing for Optimized Capacitive Deionization Using Lignin-Derived, Low-Cost Activated Carbon Electrodes

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Autor(es):
Zornitta, Rafael Linzmeyer [1, 2] ; Srimuk, Pattarachai [2, 3] ; Lee, Juhan [2, 3] ; Kruener, Benjamin [2, 3] ; Aslan, Mesut [2] ; Martins Ruotolo, Luis Augusto [1] ; Presser, Volker [2, 3]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem Engn, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Leibniz Inst New Mat, INM, D-66123 Saarbrucken - Germany
[3] Saarland Univ, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, D-66123 Saarbrucken - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CHEMSUSCHEM; v. 11, n. 13, p. 2101-2113, JUL 11 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 20
Resumo

Lignin-derived carbon is introduced as a promising electrode material for water desalination by using capacitive deionization (CDI). Lignin is a low-cost precursor that is obtained from the cellulose and ethanol industries, and we used carbonization and subsequent KOH activation to obtain highly porous carbon. CDI cells with a pair of lignin-derived carbon electrodes presented an initially high salt adsorption capacity but rapidly lost their beneficial desalination performance. To capitalize on the high porosity of lignin-derived carbon and to stabilize the CDI performance, we then used asymmetric electrode configurations. By using electrodes of the same material but with different thicknesses, the desalination performance was stabilized through reduction of the potential at the positive electrode. To enhance the desalination capacity further, we used cell configurations with different materials for the positive and negative electrodes. The best performance was achieved by a cell with lignin-derived carbon as a negative electrode and commercial activated carbon as a positive electrode. Thereby, a maximum desalination capacity of 18.5mgg(-1) was obtained with charge efficiency over 80% and excellent performance retention over 100cycles. The improvements were related to the difference in the potential of zero charge between the electrodes. Our work shows that an asymmetric cell configuration is a powerful tool to adapt otherwise inappropriate CDI electrode materials. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/26593-3 - Dessalinização por deionização capacitiva: desenvolvimento de eletrodos e otimização do processo
Beneficiário:Rafael Linzmeyer Zornitta
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/24684-4 - Desenvolvimento de carvão ativado de lignina para uso como eletrodo em deionização capacitiva de soluções multicomponente
Beneficiário:Rafael Linzmeyer Zornitta
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado