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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Environmental change and predator diversity drive alpha and beta diversity in freshwater macro and microorganisms

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Autor(es):
Antiqueira, Pablo Augusto P. [1, 2] ; Petchey, Owen L. [3] ; dos Santos, Viviane Piccin [4] ; de Oliveira, Valeria Maia [4] ; Romero, Gustavo Quevedo [5, 2, 6]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, IB, Programa Posgrad Ecol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Lab Multitroph Interact & Biodivers, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Zurich, Dept Evolutionary Biol & Environm Studies, Zurich - Switzerland
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Res Ctr Chem Biol & Agr CPQBA, Paulinia, SP - Brazil
[5] Brazilian Res Network Climate Change Rede Clima, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, IB, Dept Biol Anim, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY; v. 24, n. 8, p. 3715-3728, AUG 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Global biodiversity is eroding due to anthropogenic causes, such as climate change, habitat loss, and trophic simplification of biological communities. Most studies address only isolated causes within a single group of organisms; however, biological groups of different trophic levels may respond in particular ways to different environmental impacts. Our study used natural microcosms to investigate the predicted individual and interactive effects of warming, changes in top predator diversity, and habitat size on the alpha and beta diversity of macrofauna, microfauna, and bacteria. Alpha diversity (i.e., richness within each bromeliad) generally explained a larger proportion of the gamma diversity (partitioned in alpha and beta diversity). Overall, dissimilarity between communities occurred due to species turnover and not species loss (nestedness). Nevertheless, the three biological groups responded differently to each environmental stressor. Microfauna were the most sensitive group, with alpha and beta diversity being affected by environmental changes (warming and habitat size) and trophic structure (diversity of top predators). Macrofauna alpha and beta diversity was sensitive to changes in predator diversity and habitat size, but not warming. In contrast, the bacterial community was not influenced by the treatments. The community of each biological group was not mutually concordant with the environmental and trophic changes. Our results demonstrate that distinct anthropogenic impacts differentially affect the components of macro and microorganism diversity through direct and indirect effects (i.e., bottom-up and top-down effects). Therefore, a multitrophic and multispecies approach is necessary to assess the effects of different anthropogenic impacts on biodiversity. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/06646-5 - Efeitos do aquecimento global na estrutura trófica e no funcionamento ecossistêmico em bromélias-tanque
Beneficiário:Pablo Augusto Poleto Antiqueira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/01209-9 - Efeitos das mudanças climáticas sobre estrutura de redes tróficas em gradientes latitudinais
Beneficiário:Gustavo Quevedo Romero
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa
Processo FAPESP: 14/04603-4 - Efeitos do aquecimento global na estrutura trófica e no funcionamento ecossistêmico em bromélias-tanque
Beneficiário:Pablo Augusto Poleto Antiqueira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado