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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Automated analysis of free speech predicts psychosis onset in high-risk youths

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Autor(es):
Bedi, Gillinder [1, 2] ; Carrillo, Facundo [3] ; Cecchi, Guillermo A. [4] ; Slezak, Diego Fernandez [3] ; Sigman, Mariano [5] ; Mota, Natalia B. [6] ; Ribeiro, Sidarta [6] ; Javitt, Daniel C. [1, 7] ; Copelli, Mauro [8] ; Corcoran, Cheryl M. [1, 7]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Columbia Univ Coll Phys & Surg, Dept Psychiat, New York, NY 10032 - USA
[2] New York State Psychiat Inst & Hosp, Div Subst Abuse, New York, NY 10032 - USA
[3] Univ Buenos Aires, Sch Sci, Dept Comp Sci, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[4] IBM TJ Watson Res Ctr, Computat Biol Ctr Neurosci, Yorktown Hts, NY 10598 - USA
[5] Univ Buenos Aires, Sch Sci, Dept Phys, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[6] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Brain Inst, Natal, RN - Brazil
[7] New York State Psychiat Inst & Hosp, Div Expt Therapeut, New York, NY 10032 - USA
[8] Univ Fed Pernambuco, Dept Phys, Recife, PE - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: NPJ SCHIZOPHRENIA; v. 1, 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 92
Resumo

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Psychiatry lacks the objective clinical tests routinely used in other specializations. Novel computerized methods to characterize complex behaviors such as speech could be used to identify and predict psychiatric illness in individuals. AIMS: In this proof-of-principle study, our aim was to test automated speech analyses combined with Machine Learning to predict later psychosis onset in youths at clinical high-risk (CHR) for psychosis. METHODS: Thirty-four CHR youths (11 females) had baseline interviews and were assessed quarterly for up to 2.5 years; five transitioned to psychosis. Using automated analysis, transcripts of interviews were evaluated for semantic and syntactic features predicting later psychosis onset. Speech features were fed into a convex hull classification algorithm with leave-one-subject-out cross-validation to assess their predictive value for psychosis outcome. The canonical correlation between the speech features and prodromal symptom ratings was computed. RESULTS: Derived speech features included a Latent Semantic Analysis measure of semantic coherence and two syntactic markers of speech complexity: maximum phrase length and use of determiners (e.g., which). These speech features predicted later psychosis development with 100% accuracy, outperforming classification from clinical interviews. Speech features were significantly correlated with prodromal symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Findings support the utility of automated speech analysis to measure subtle, clinically relevant mental state changes in emergent psychosis. Recent developments in computer science, including natural language processing, could provide the foundation for future development of objective clinical tests for psychiatry. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/07699-0 - Centro de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão em Neuromatemática - NeuroMat
Beneficiário:Jefferson Antonio Galves
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs