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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The significance of superimposed dunes in the Amazon River: Implications for how large rivers are identified in the rock record

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Galeazzi, Cristiano P. [1] ; Almeida, Renato P. [1, 2] ; Mazoca, Carlos E. M. [1] ; Best, Jim L. [3, 4, 5] ; Freitas, Bernardo T. [6] ; Ianniruberto, Marco [7] ; Cisneros, Julia [8] ; Tamura, Larissa N. [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, Rua Lago 562, Cidade Univ, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Energia & Ambiente, Ave Prof Luciano Gualberto 1289, Cidade Univ, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Illinois, Dept Geol, Ven Te Chow Hydrosyst Lab, 1301 West Green St, Champaign, IL 61801 - USA
[4] Univ Illinois, Dept Geog, Ven Te Chow Hydrosyst Lab, 1301 West Green St, Champaign, IL 61801 - USA
[5] Univ Illinois, Dept GIS Mech Sci & Engn, Ven Te Chow Hydrosyst Lab, 1301 West Green St, Champaign, IL 61801 - USA
[6] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Tecnol, R Paschoal Marmo 1888, BR-13484332 Limeira, SP - Brazil
[7] Univ Brasilia, Inst Geociencias, Campus Univ Darcy Ribeiro, BR-71900000 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[8] Univ Illinois, Dept Geol, 1301 West Green St, Champaign, IL 61801 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SEDIMENTOLOGY; v. 65, n. 7, p. 2388-2403, DEC 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

The recognition of large fluvial channels in the geological record is of great importance for regional palaeohydraulic and palaeogeographical reconstructions, inputs to reservoir modelling, and estimating the input of sediment to sedimentary basins, with consequent larger-scale implications for modelling basin fill. However, available criteria for the interpretation of the scale of ancient fluvial systems are still poorly tested, particularly the widely-adopted assumption that the abundance of large-scale dunes in some deep channels implies that abundant large-scale cross-strata sets will be preserved in similar palaeochannels. To test this hypothesis, high-resolution multibeam echo-sounding imaging of two reaches in the Amazon River where large dunes are common were investigated, yielding an extensive dataset concerning dune geometry, position within the channel and, most importantly, the presence and distribution of smaller superimposed dunes on their lee sides. These results show that despite 90% of the bedforms at water depths >20m being constituted by up to 122m high compound dunes, 94% of the lee sides of these dunes are covered by smaller superimposed dunes. These results suggest that steep avalanche foresets that are several metres in height may be rare in the preserved stratigraphic record of these large channels, which are instead more commonly represented by decimetre-scale cross-stratified cosets formed by superimposed dunes migrating down the lee side of the large-scale host bedforms. This observation thus suggests that the recognition of compound dune cosets is key to the interpretation of river-channel scale, since compound dunes are the principal bedform in most large river channels. Consequently, successions dominated by decimetre-scale thick cross-strata sets, but that show rarer preservation of outsized metre-scale avalanche foresets, and abundant similar-sized cosets near the base of fining-upward cycles are probably the most common bedform record of large-river channels. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/06874-3 - Dinâmica fluvial e depósitos sedimentares no Rio Amazonas: providenciando ferramentas para decifrar a evolução paleogeográfica da Amazônia e depósitos de grandes rios no registro rochoso
Beneficiário:Cristiano Padalino Galeazzi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/19736-5 - Abordagens quantitativas de depósitos fluviais de grande porte: geologia de campo integrada a modelos 3D de afloramentos obtidos por fotogrametria
Beneficiário:Bernardo Tavares Freitas
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/16739-8 - Desenvolvimento de modelos de fácies para grandes rios: processos e produtos em barras ativas na Amazônia Brasileira e implicações para as reconstruções paleogeográficas do Neógeno na Amazônia e do Mesozóico gondwanico no NE-Brasil e E-Austrália
Beneficiário:Renato Paes de Almeida
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/50260-6 - Estruturação e evolução da biota amazônica e seu ambiente: uma abordagem integrativa
Beneficiário:Lúcia Garcez Lohmann
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático