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Population genetics of the bigeye thresher shark Alopias superciliosus in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans: implications for conservation

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Autor(es):
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Arminini Morales, Millke Jasmine [1] ; Mendonca, Fernando Fernandes [2] ; Magalhaes, Carolina Oliveira [1] ; Oliveira, Claudio [1] ; Coelho, Rui [3, 4] ; Santos, Miguel Neves [3] ; Cruz, Vanessa Paes [1] ; Piercy, Andrew [5] ; Burgess, George [6] ; Hazin, Fabio Vieira [7] ; Foresti, Fausto [1]
Número total de Autores: 11
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Lab Biol & Genet Peixes, Inst Biociencias Botucatu, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Inst Mar, Lab Genet Pesqueira & Conservacao, R Carvalho de Mendonca 144, BR-11070100 Santos, SP - Brazil
[3] IPMA, Olhao - Portugal
[4] Univ Algarve, Ctr Ciencias Mar CCMAR, Faro - Portugal
[5] Valencia Coll, Lake Nona Campus, Orlando, FL - USA
[6] Univ Florida, Florida Museum Nat Hist, Florida Program Shark Res, Gainesville, FL 32611 - USA
[7] Univ Fed Rural Pernambuco UFRPE, Dept Pesca & Aquicultura, Recife, PE - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries; v. 28, n. 4, p. 941-951, DEC 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Population structure and genetic connectivity are pivotal contributions to the establishment of conservation strategies for fisheries management, in particular for highly migratory species that are affected by commercial fisheries. This study used partial sequences of mitochondrial DNA control region to determine the genetic structure of the bigeye thresher shark Alopias superciliosus in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. A total of 858 base pairs of mtDNA CR from 228 individuals were analyzed. The resulting nucleotide diversity () was 0.0011 +/- 0.0008 and the haplotype diversity (h) was 0.127 +/- 0.030. These are the lowest diversities registered in elasmobranchs with this genetic marker. Two genetically distinct lineages were identified, one of them represented by 3.9% of the analyzed individuals and none restricted to any particular area. Simulated scenarios of population structure, tested with AMOVA and pairwise phi(ST) did not result in significant values indicating high connectivity among all sampled groups. The absence of population structure, even between Atlantic and Indian Oceans, corroborates the high dispersal ability of this species. The low genetic diversity detected in this species and the identification of two historical lineages occurring in sympatry, one represented by a very small number of individuals, should be considered in the conservation efforts and management plans of A. superciliosus. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/23787-0 - Biodiversidade molecular e conservação de tubarões: banco genético, estruturas populacionais e rede internacional de colaboração científica
Beneficiário:Fernando Fernandes Mendonça
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores